Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’02)

Manuel González Rodríguez, Carmen Paz Suarez Araujo (Editors)


Anthology ID:
L02-1
Month:
May
Year:
2002
Address:
Las Palmas, Canary Islands - Spain
Venue:
LREC
SIG:
Publisher:
European Language Resources Association (ELRA)
URL:
DOI:
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Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’02)
Manuel González Rodríguez | Carmen Paz Suarez Araujo

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Floresta Sintá(c)tica: A treebank for Portuguese
Susana Afonso | Eckhard Bick | Renato Haber | Diana Santos

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Learning of word sense disambiguation rules by Co-training, checking co-occurrence of features
Hiroyuki Shinnou

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ELSST: a broad-based Multilingual Thesaurus for the Social Sciences
Lorna Balkan | Ken Miller | Birgit Austin | Anne Etheridge | Myriam Garcia Bernabé | Pam Miller

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Lexicon Optimization: Maximizing Lexical Coverage in Speech Recognition through Automated Compounding
Vincent Vandeghinste

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Computer-Aided Specification of Quality Models for Machine Translation Evaluation
Eduard Hovy | Margaret King | Andrei Popescu-Belis

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Meaning as use: exploitation of aligned corpora for the contrastive study of lexical semantics
Serge Sharoff

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Using the Annotated Bibliography as a Resource for Indicative Summarization
Min-Yen Kan | Judith L. Klavans | Kathleen R. McKeown

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Computational Linguistics at Universiti Sains Malaysia
Choy-Kim Chuah | Zaharin Yusoff

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Towards an Ontology for a Human Genome Knowledge Base
Judit Feliu | Jorge Vivaldi | M. Teresa Cabré

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An Improved Algorithm for the Automatic Segmentation of Speech Corpora
Tom Laureys | Kris Demuynck | Jacques Duchateau | Patrick Wambacq

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Towards a Corpus Annotated for Metonymies: the Case of Location Names
Katja Markert | Malvina Nissim

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Translators at work with TRANSTYPE: Resource and Evaluation.
Philippe Langlais | Marie Loranger | Guy Lapalme

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Annotating the functional chunks in Chinese sentences
Qiang Zhou | Elliott Franco Drabek | Fuji Ren

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The Present Status of Speech Database in Japan: Development, Management, and Application to Speech Research
Hisao Kuwabara | Shuich Itahashi | Mikio Yamamoto | Toshiyuki Takezawa | Satoshi Nakamura | Kazuya Takeda

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Evaluation of parsed corpora: Experiments in user-transparent and user-visible evaluation
Diana Santos | Caroline Gasperin

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Acoustic Modeling and Training of a Bilingual ASR System when a Minority Language is Involved
Laura Docío-Fernández | Carmen García-Mateo

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The Open Language Archives Community
Steven Bird | Hans Uszkoreit | Gary Simons

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A Flexible XML-based Regular Compiler for Creation and Conversion of Linguistic Resources
Jakub Piskorski | Witold Drożdżyński | Oliver Scherf | Feiyu Xu

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A Contrastive Acoustic-Phonetic Analysis of Slovenian and English Diphthongs
Robert Modic | Bojan Petek

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Three New Corpora at the Bavarian Archive for Speech Signals – and a First Step Towards Distributed Web-Based Recording
Christoph Draxler | Florian Schiel

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n-grams of Seeds: A Hybrid System for Corpus-Based Text Summarization
René Schneider

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Building a Resource for Evaluating the Importance of Sentences
Barry Schiffman

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A Subcategorisation Lexicon for German Verbs induced from a Lexicalised PCFG
Sabine Schulte im Walde

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Evaluation of Pronunciation Variants in the ASR Lexicon for Different Speaking Styles
Ingunn Amdal | Torbjørn Svendsen

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LAperLA: an integrated graphical-linguistic System for old printed Latin Texts
Andrea Bozzi

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Computerized linguistic resources of the research laboratory ATILF for lexical and textual analysis: Frantext, TLFi, and the software Stella
Pascale Bernard | Josette Lecomte | Jacques Dendien | Jean-Marie Pierrel

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Automatic extraction of differences between spoken and written languages, and automatic translation from the written to the spoken language
Masaki Murata | Hitoshi Isahara

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Automatic detection of prosodic prominence in continuous speech
Fabio Tamburini

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A dynamic model for reference corpora structure definition
Fabio Tamburini

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An ontology-based approach in the literary research: two case-studies
Daniela Alderuccio | Luciana Bordoni

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A Multilingual Speaker Verification System: Architecture and Performance Evaluation
Javier Caminero | Joaquín González-Rodríguez | Javier Ortega-García | Daniel Tapias | Pedro M. Ruz | Mercedes Solá

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Lexical token alignment: experiments, results and applications
Dan Tufiş | Ana-Maria Barbu

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Designing Prosodic Databases for Automatic Modeling of Slovenian Language in a Multilingual TTS System
Achim F. Müller | Janez Stergar | Bogomir Horvat

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PILLS: Multilingual generation of medical information documents with overlapping content
Nadjet Bouayad-Agha | Richard Power | Donia Scott | Anja Belz

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Co-reference annotation and resources: A multilingual corpus of typologically diverse languages
Felix Sasaki | Claudia Wegener | Andreas Witt | Dieter Metzing | Jens Pönninghaus

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Towards Very Large Ontologies for Medical Language Processing
Udo Hahn | Stefan Schulz

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Improving an Ontology Refinement Method with Hyponymy Patterns
Enrique Alfonseca | Suresh Manandhar

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Proposal for Evaluating Ontology Refinement Methods
Enrique Alfonseca | Suresh Manandhar

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Methods for Constructing Lexicon-Grammar Resources: The Example of Measure Expressions
Matthieu Constant

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Living off the land: The Web as a source of practice texts for learners of less prevalent languages
Kristina Nilsson | Lars Borin

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Diagnostic Assessment of Telephone Transmission Impact on ASR Performance and Human-to-Human Speech Quality
Sebastian Möller | Ergina Kavallieratou

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A Labelling Proposal to Annotate Dialogues
Carlos D. Martínez-Hinarejos | Emilio Sanchís | Fernando García-Granada | Pablo Aibar

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Collection and linguistic processing of a large-scale corpus of medical articles
Simone Teufel | Noemie Elhadad

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Constructing a lexicon of action
Takenobu Tokunaga | Manabu Okumura | Suguru Saitô | Hozumi Tanaka

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Building Concept Frames based on Text Corpora
Birte Lönneker

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BIZKAIFON: A sound archive of dialectal varieties of spoken Basque
I. Hernáez | E. Navas | J. Sánchez | I. Madariaga | I. Gaminde | X. Zalbide

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Automatic Adaptation of WordNet to Domains
Roberto Navigli | Paola Velardi

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From DTD to relational dB. An automatic generation of a lexicographical station out off ISLE guidelines
Marta Villegas | Nuria Bel

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The SmartKom Multimodal Corpus at BAS
Florian Schiel | Silke Steininger | Ulrich Türk

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End-to-End Evaluation of Multimodal Dialogue Systems – can we Transfer Established Methods?
Nicole Beringer | Katerina Louka | Victoria Penide-Lopez | Uli Türk

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Word Sense Disambiguation using Statistical Models and WordNet
Antonio Molina | Ferran Pla | Encarna Segarra | Lidia Moreno

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Bilingual FrameNet Dictionaries for Machine Translation
Hans C. Boas

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Experiments in Topic Detection
Yllias Chali

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Querying Dependency Treebanks in XML
Gosse Bouma | Geert Kloosterman

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Corpus-based Evaluation of a French Spelling and Grammar Checker
Marianne Starlander | Andrei Popescu-Belis

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Formal Mechanisms for Capturing Regularizations
Adam Meyers | Ralph Grishman | Michiko Kosaka

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A Hybrid Architecture for Robust Parsing of German
Erhard W. Hinrichs | Sandra Kübler | Frank H. Müller | Tylman Ule

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OrienTel - Multilingual access to interactive communication services for the Mediterranean and the Middle East
Rainer Siemund | Barbara Heuft | Khalid Choukri | Ossama Emam | Emmanuel Maragoudakis | Herbert Tropf | Oren Gedge | Sherrie Shammass | Asuncion Moreno | Albino Nogueiras Rodriguez | Imed Zitouni | Dorota Iskra

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Comparing and Extracting Paraphrasing Words with 2-Way Bilingual Dictionaries
Kazutaka Takao | Kenji Imamura | Hideki Kashioka

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A Part-of-Speech-Based Search Algorithm for Translation Memories
Reinhard Rapp

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Developments in the TIGER Annotation Scheme and their Realization in the Corpus
Sabine Brants | Silvia Hansen

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Nexing Corpus: a corpus of verbal protocols on syllogistic reasoning
António Branco | José Leitão | João Silva | Luís Gomes

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Argument/Valency Structure in PropBank, LCS Database and Prague Dependency Treebank: A Comparative Pilot Study
Eva Hajičová | Ivona Kučerová

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Multi-Tier Annotations in the Verbmobil Corpus
Karl Weilhammer | Uwe Reichel | Florian Schiel

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A Database for the Analysis of Cross-Lingual Pronunciation Variants of European City Names
Stefan Schaden

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SAM: System for Multi-criteria Text Alignment.
Hatem Ghorbel | Giovanni Coray | André Linden

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Word Formation and the Validation of Lexical Resources
Pius ten Hacken

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Knowledge Mining and Discovery for Searching in Literary Texts
A. Cappelli | M. N. Catarsi | P. Michelassi | L. Moretti | M. Baglioni | F. Turini | M. Tavoni

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SiSSA: An Infrastructure for Developing NLP Applications
Alberto Lavelli | Fabio Pianesi | Ermanno Maci | Irina Prodanof | Luca Dini | Giampaolo Mazzini

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Building a Linguistically Interpreted Corpus of Bulgarian: the BulTreeBank
Kiril Simov | Petya Osenova | Milena Slavcheva | Sia Kolkovska | Elisaveta Balabanova | Dimitar Doikoff | Krassimira Ivanova | Alexander Simov | Milen Kouylekov

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Syntactic Analysis in the Spoken Dutch Corpus (CGN)
Ton van der Wouden | Heleen Hoekstra | Michael Moortgat | Bram Renmans | Ineke Schuurman

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Electronic Dictionaries - from Publisher Data to a Distribution Server: the DicoPro, DicoEast and RERO Projects
Andrei Popescu-Belis | Susan Armstrong | Gilbert Robert

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GermaNet - representation, visualization, application
Claudia Kunze | Lothar Lemnitzer

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Design of the VICO Spoken Dialogue System: Evaluation of User Expectations by Wizard-of-Oz Experiments
Petra Geutner | Frank Steffens | Dietrich Manstetten

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The Lexico-semantic Annotation of an Italian Treebank
Nadia Mana | Ornella Corazzari

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Towards Automatic Evaluation of Question/Answering Systems
Bernardo Magnini | Matteo Negri | Roberto Prevete | Hristo Tanev

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Automatic Ranking of MT Systems
Martin Rajman | Anthony Hartley

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Opportunistic Semantic Tagging
Luisa Bentivogli | Emanuele Pianta

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Tool for Czech Pronunciation Generation Combining Fixed Rules with Pronunciation Lexicon and Lexicon Management Tool
Petr Pollák | Václav Hanžl

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The Reuters Corpus Volume 1 -from Yesterday’s News to Tomorrow’s Language Resources
Tony Rose | Mark Stevenson | Miles Whitehead

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Implementation and Evaluation of PAROLE PoS in a National Context
Tilly Dutilh | Truus Kruyt

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A Machine Learning Approach to Automatic Functor Assignment in the Prague Dependency Treebank
Zdeněk Žabokrtský | Petr Sgall | Sašo Džeroski

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How to build a multilingual inheritance-based lexicon
Carole Tiberius

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A typological database of agreement
Carole Tiberius | Dunstan Brown | Greville Corbett

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The Web as a Resource for Question Answering: Perspectives and Challenges
Jimmy Lin

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Automatic paraphrasing based on parallel corpus for normalization
Mitsuo Shimohata | Eiichiro Sumita

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Speech to Speech Translation: Present and Future Challenges
Gianni Lazzari

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Databases of Heterogeneous Segments for Concatenative Speech Synthesis
Ivan Kopeček | Karel Pala

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Preliminary Evaluation of Slovenian Mobile Database PoliDat
Andrej Žgank | Zdravko Kačič | Bogomir Horvat

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Evaluating resource acquisition tools for Information Extraction
Thierry Poibeau | Dominique Dutoit | Sophie Bizouard

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An Algorithm to Find Words from Definitions
Dominique Dutoit | Pierre Nugues

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Lithuanian Speech Database LTDIGITS
Algimantas Rudzionis | Vytautas Rudzionis

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Building domain specific lexical hierarchies from corpora
Olivier Ferret | Christian Fluhr | Françoise Rousseau-Hans | Jean-Luc Simoni

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Evaluation of Machine Learning Methods for Natural Language Processing Tasks
Walter Daelemans | Véronique Hoste

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An evaluation of different symbolic shallow parsing techniques
Tristan Van Rullen | Philippe Blache

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Annotation of prominent words, prosodic boundaries and segmental lengthening by non-expert transcribers in the Spoken Dutch Corpus
Jeska Buhmann | Johanneke Caspers | Vincent J. van Heuven | Heleen Hoekstra | Jean-Pierre Martens | Marc Swerts

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Word Segmentation in the Spoken Dutch Corpus
Jean-Pierre Martens | Diana Binnenpoorte | Kris Demuynck | Ruben Van Parys | Tom Laureys | Wim Goedertier | Jacques Duchateau

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Experiences from the Spoken Dutch Corpus Project
Nelleke Oostdijk | Wim Goedertier | Frank van Eynde | Louis Boves | Jean-Pierre Martens | Michael Moortgat | Harald Baayen

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Quantitative parameters in corpus design: Estimating the optimum text size in Modern Greek language
George Mikros

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Acquisition of Qualia Elements from Corpora - Evaluation of a Symbolic Learning Method
Pierrette Bouillon | Vincent Claveau | Cécile Fabre | Pascale Sébillot

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Methods and Tools for Prosodic Analysis of a Spoken Italian Corpus
Michelina Savino | Mario Refice | Domenico Daleno

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Language Resources for Multi-Modal Dialogue Systems.
Oliver Lemon | Alexander Gruenstein

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Using Parallel Corpora to enrich Multilingual Lexical Resources
Dominic Widdows | Beate Dorow | Chiu-Ki Chan

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Evaluation and collection of proper name pronunciations online
Ariadna Font Llitjós | Alan W. Black

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Modal Expressions in Natural Language Sentence and Their Similarity
Toshifumi Tanabe | Yasuo Koyama | Kenji Yoshimura | Kosho Shudo

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CATCG: a general purpose parsing tool applied
Alex Alsina | Toni Badia | Gemma Boleda | Stefan Bott | Àngel Gil | Martí Quixal | Oriol Valentín

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Does the Content of Speech Influence its Perceived Sound Quality?
Alexander Raake

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Issues in the design, construction and use of Language Resources (LR) for Endangered Languages (Els)
Monica Ward

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TTS - A Treebank Tool Suite
Aoife Cahill | Josef van Genabith

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The Pronouncing Dictionary of Austrian German and the other Major Varieties of German - A Phonetic Resources Database on the Pronunciation of German
Rudolf Muhr | Robert Hölrdich | Eva Wächter-Kollpache

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Towards a large corpus of spoken dialogue in French that will be freely available: the “Parole Publique” project and its first realisations
Pascale Nicolas | Sabine Letellier-Zarshenas | Igor Schadle | Jean-Yves Antoine | Jean Caelen

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XQuery as an Annotation Query Language: a Use Case Analysis
Steve Cassidy

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A corpus-based investigation of junk emails
Constantin Orasan | Ramesh Krishnamurthy

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Building annotated resources for automatic text summarisation
Constantin Orasan

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Translation Tracking System: A tool for managing translation archives
Lynne Bowker | Peter Bennison

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VIQTORYA – A Visual Query Tool for Syntactically Annotated Corpora
Ilona Steiner | Laura Kallmeyer

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Acquiring Lexical Knowledge for Anaphora Resolution
Massimo Poesio | Tomonori Ishikawa | Sabine Schulte im Walde | Renata Vieira

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Resources for Morphology Learning and Evaluation
Mike Maxwell

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Summarization System Integrated with Named Entity Tagging and IE pattern Discovery
Chikashi Nobata | Satoshi Sekine | Hitoshi Isahara | Ralph Grishman

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Extended Named Entity Hierarchy
Satoshi Sekine | Kiyoshi Sudo | Chikashi Nobata

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Recording techniques for capturing natural every-day speech
Nick Campbell

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Automatic Alignment of Japanese and English Newspaper Articles using an MT System and a Bilingual Company Name Dictionary
Kenji Matsumoto | Hideki Tanaka

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Towards a Thesaurus of Predicates
Satoshi Shirai | Kazuhide Yamamoto | Francis Bond | Hozumi Tanaka

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Speech Information Technology & Industry Promotion Center in Korea: Activities and Directions
Yong-Ju Lee | Bong-Wan Kim | Yongnam Um

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Database Adaptation for Speech Recognition in Cross-Environmental Conditions
Oren Gedge | Christophe Couvreur | Klaus Linhard | Shaunie Shammass | Ami Moyal

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Combining Bayesian and Support Vector Machines Learning to automatically complete Syntactical Information for HPSG-like Formalisms
Manolis Maragoudakis | Katia Kermanidis | Nikos Fakotakis | George Kokkinakis

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Automatic machine translation selection scheme to output the best result
Keiji Yasuda | Fumiaki Sugaya | Toshiyuki Takezawa | Seiichi Yamamoto | Masuzo Yanagida

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Comparative Evaluation of Collocation Extraction Metrics
Aristomenis Thanopoulos | Nikos Fakotakis | George Kokkinakis

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A Pratical Introduction to ATLAS
Christophe Laprun | Jonathan G. Fiscus | John Garofolo | Sylvain Pajot

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NIST Rich Transcription 2002 Evaluation: A Preview
John Garofolo | Jonathan G. Fiscus | Alvin Martin | David Pallett | Mark Przybocki

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Integrating Spanish Linguistic Resources in a Web Site Assistant
Paloma Martínez | Ana García-Serrano | Alberto Ruiz-Cristina

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Creation and Evaluation of Extensible Language Resources for Maltese
Angelo Dalli

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Expanding lexicons by inducing paradigms and validating attested forms
Gregory Grefenstette | Yan Qu | David A. Evans

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Statistical Machine Translation on Paraphrased Corpora
Taro Watanabe | Mitsuo Shimohata | Eiichiro Sumita

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Building ancient Spanish dictionaries for spell-checking of DL texts
Alejandro Bia | Manuel Sánchez Quero

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Translation Unit Concerning Timing of Simultaneous Translation
Hideki Kashioka

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A Web-based English Abstract Writing Tool Using a Tagged E-J Parallel Corpus
Masumi Narita | Kazuya Kurokawa | Takehito Utsuro

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Morphosyntactic Disambiguation for TTS Systems
Ricardo Ribeiro | Luís Oliveira | Isabel Trancoso

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Seeing Arguments through Transparent Structures
Charles J. Fillmore | Collin F. Baker | Hiroaki Sato

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The FrameNet Database and Software Tools
Charles J. Fillmore | Collin F. Baker | Hiroaki Sato

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Models and Tools for Collaborative Annotation
Xiaoyi Ma | Haejoong Lee | Steven Bird | Kazuaki Maeda

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HMMs for Automatic Phonetic Segmentation
Doroteo Torre Toledano | Luis A. Hernández Gómez

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Automatic Evaluation: Using a DATE Dialogue Act Tagger for User Satisfaction and Task Completion Prediction
Helen Wright Hastie | Rashmi Prasad | Marilyn Walker

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Design and Evaluation of a SLDS for E-Mail Access through the Telephone
Nuria Bel | Javier Caminero | Luis Hernández | Montserrat Marimón | José F. Morlesín | Josep M. Otero | José Relaño | M. Carmen Rodríguez | Pedro M. Ruz | Daniel Tapias

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Multiword expressions: linguistic precision and reusability
Ann Copestake | Fabre Lambeau | Aline Villavicencio | Francis Bond | Timothy Baldwin | Ivan A. Sag | Dan Flickinger

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Extracting French-Japanese Word Pairs from Bilingual Corpora based on Transliteration Rules
Keita Tsuji | Beatrice Daille | Kyo Kageura

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A Two-level Morphological Analyser and Generator for Irish using Finite-State Transducers
Elaine Uí Dhonnchadha

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A Method for Automatically Building and Evaluating Dictionary Resources
Smaranda Muresan | Judith Klavans

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The Use of Referential Constraints in Structuring Discourse
Violeta Seretan | Dan Cristea

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Construction of a Word Sense Tagged Corpus for SENSEVAL-2 Japanese Dictionary Task
Kiyoaki Shirai

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Development and Evaluation of a Korean Treebank and its Application to NLP
Chung-hye Han | Na-Rae Han | Eon-Suk Ko | Martha Palmer

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Identifying Verb Arguments and their Syntactic Function in the Penn Treebank
Alexandra Kinyon | Carlos A. Prolo

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Automatic Detection of Acoustic Centres of Reliability for Tagging Paralinguistic Information in Expressive Speech
Parham Mokhtari | Nick Campbell

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Word Sense Disambiguation with Information Retrieval Technique
Jong-Hoon Oh | Saim Shin | Yong-Seok Choi | Key-Sun Choi

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English Speech Database Read by Japanese Learners for CALL System Development
N. Minematsu | Y. Tomiyama | K. Yoshimoto | K. Shimizu | S. Nakagawa | M. Dantsuji | S. Makino

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NESPOLE!’s Multilingual and Multimodal Corpus
Erica Costantini | Susanne Burger | Fabio Pianesi

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Extracting Information for Automatic Indexing of Multimedia Material
Horacio Saggion | Hamish Cunningham | Diana Maynard | Kalina Bontcheva | Oana Hamza | Christian Ursu | Yorick Wilks

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Developing Infrastructure for the Evaluation of Single and Multi-document Summarization Systems in a Cross-lingual Environment
Horacio Saggion | Dragomir Radev | Simone Teufel | Wai Lam | Stephanie M. Strassel

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Multi-level XML-based Corpus Annotation
Harris Papageorgiou | Prokopis Prokopidis | Voula Giouli | Iason Demiros | Alexis Konstantinidis | Stelios Piperidis

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Project Proposal TC-STAR - Make Speech to Speech Translation Real
Harald Höge

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Development of a Dependency Treebank for Russian and its Possible Applications in NLP
Igor Boguslavsky | Ivan Chardin | Svetlana Grigorieva | Nikolai Grigoriev | Leonid Iomdin | Leonid Kreidlin | Nadezhda Frid

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An Iterative Data Collection Approach for Multimodal Dialogue Systems
Stefan Rapp | Michael Strube

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The Importance of Evaluation for Cross-Language System Development: the CLEF Experience
Carol Peters | Martin Braschler

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Bilingual alignment of anaphoric expressions
R. Muñoz | R. Mitkov | M. Palomar | J. Peral | R. Evans | L. Moreno | C. Orasan | M. Saiz-Noeda | A. Ferrández | C. Barbu | P. Martínez-Barco | A. Suárez

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Using the Text Corpus to Create a Comprehensive List of Phrasal Verbs
Heiki-Jaan Kaalep | Kadri Muischnek

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Evaluation Corpora for Sense Disambiguation in the Medical Domain
Diana Raileanu | Paul Buitelaar | Spela Vintar | Jörg Bay

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An Efficient and Flexible Format for Linguistic and Semantic Annotation
Špela Vintar | Paul Buitelaar | Bärbel Ripplinger | Bogdan Sacaleanu | Diana Raileanu | Detlef Prescher

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Valency Dictionary of Czech Verbs: Complex Tectogrammatical Annotation
Markéta Straňáková-Lopatková | Zdenĕk Žabokrtský

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A Comparative Evaluation of Collocation Extraction Techniques
Darren Pearce

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Building the Croatian National Corpus
Marko Tadić

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Annotation Driven Concordancing: the PAX Toolkit
Thorsten Trippel | Dafydd Gibbon

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DELOS: An Automatically Tagged Economic Corpus for Modern Greek
Katia Lida Kermanidis | Nikos Fakotakis | George Kokkinakis

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Give me a bug. a framework for a bug report service
Henk van den Heuvel | Khalid Choukri | Harald Höge

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Interface Databases: Design and Collection of a Multilingual Emotional Speech Database
Vladimir Hozjan | Zdravko Kacic | Asunción Moreno | Antonio Bonafonte | Albino Nogueiras

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Objective analysis of emotional speech for English and Slovenian Interface emotional speech databases
Vladimir Hozjan | Zdravko Kacic

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Methods and Tools for Speech Data Acquisition exploiting a Database of German Parliamentary Speeches and Transcripts from the Internet
Konstantin Biatov | Joachim Köhler

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SPEECON – Speech Databases for Consumer Devices: Database Specification and Validation
Dorota Iskra | Beate Grosskopf | Krzysztof Marasek | Henk van den Heuvel | Frank Diehl | Andreas Kiessling

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Technical Terminology as a Critical Resource
James Dowdall | Michael Hess | Neeme Kahusk | Kaarel Kaljurand | Mare Koit | Fabio Rinaldi | Kadri Vider

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Converting a Corpus into a Hypertext: An Approach Using XML Topic Maps and XSLT
Eva Anna Lenz | Angelika Storrer

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Different Ways of Evaluating a Swedish Grammar Checker
Rickard Domeij | Ola Knutsson | Kerstin Severinson Eklundh

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New Developments in Ontological Semantics
Antonio Moreno Ortiz | Victor Raskin | Sergei Nirenburg

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Towards Reusable NLP Components
Amalia Todirascu | Eric Kow | Laurent Romary

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Subcategorization Acquisition as an Evaluation Method for WSD
Judita Preiss | Anna Korhonen | Ted Briscoe

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Resource Sharing System for Humanity Researches
Shoichiro Hara | Hisashi Yasunaga

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Study and quantification of the declination for the Arabic speech synthesis system PARADIS.
A. Benabbou | N. Chenfour | A. Mouradi

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Design and Implementation of the Slovenian Phonetic and Morphology Lexicons for the Use in Spoken Language Applications
Matej Rojc | Zdravko Kačič | Darinka Verdonik

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Webaffix: Discovering Morphological Links on the WWW
Nabil Hathout | Ludovic Tanguy

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Evaluation of Thesaurus on Sociopolitical Life as Information-Retrieval Tool
Natalia V. Loukachevitch | Boris V. Dobrov

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From WordNet to CELEX: acquiring morphological links from dictionaries of synonyms
Nabil Hathout

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Using Descriptive Generalisations in the Acquisition of Lexical Data for Word Formation
Ulrich Heid | Bettina Säuberlich | Arne Fitschen

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Use of XML and Relational Databases for Consistent Development and Maintenance of Lexicons and Annotated Corpora
Masayuki Asahara | Ryuichi Yoneda | Akiko Yamashita | Yasuharu Den | Yuji Matsumoto

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Linguistic and Computational Problems for the Creation of an Italian Children’s Corpus of Spoken Language
Laura Pecchia | Giuseppe Cappelli | Elisabetta Guazzini

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A System for Incremental and Interactive Word Linking
Lars Ahrenberg | Mikael Andersson | Magnus Merkel

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Old Sources and Modern Procedures: Computer Processing of Old-Church Slavonic
Kiril Ribarov

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Compiling an Interactive Literary Translation Web Site for Education Purposes
José Miguel Aguilar Río

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How to evaluate necessary cooperative systems of terminology building?
Thierry Hamon | Olivier Hû

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CLIPS, a Multi-level Italian Computational Lexicon: a Glimpse to Data
Nilda Ruimy | Monica Monachini | Raffaella Distante | Elisabetta Guazzini | Stefano Molino | Marisa Ulivieri | Nicoletta Calzolari | Antonio Zampolli

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Nominal Expressions in Multilingual Corpora: Definites and Demonstratives
Susanne Salmon-Alt | Renata Vieira

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Lexical and Textual Resources for Sense Recognition and Description
Jerker Järborg | Dimitrios Kokkinakis | Maria Toporowska Gronostaj

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A Class Library for the Integration of NLP Tools: Definition and implementation of an Abstract Data Type Collection for the manipulation of SGML documents in a context of stand-off linguistic annotation
X. Artola | A. Díaz de Ilarraza | N. Ezeiza | K. Gojenola | G. Hernández | A. Soroa

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Efficient Stochastic Part-of-Speech Tagging for Hungarian
Csaba Oravecz | Péter Dienes

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YAC - A Recursive Chunker for Unrestricted German Text
Hannah Kermes | Stefan Evert

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Sensitivity of IR systems Evaluation to Topic Difficulty
Koji Eguchi | Kazuko Kuriyama | Noriko Kando

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A Comparison of Machine Learning Algorithms for Prepositional Phrase Attachment
Brian Mitchell | Robert Gaizauskas

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AR-Engine - a framework for unrestricted co-reference resolution
Dan Cristea | Oana-Diana Postolache | Gabriela-Eugenia Dima | Cătălina Barbu

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A corpus based investigation of morphological disagreement in anaphoric relations
Cătălina Barbu | Richard Evans | Ruslan Mitkov

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Error analysis in anaphora resolution
Cătălina Barbu

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Predictive and objective evaluation of speech understanding: the “challenge” evaluation campaign of the I3 speech workgroup of the French CNRS
Jean-Yves Antoine | Caroline Bousquet-Vernhettes | Jérôme Goulian | Mohamed Zakaria Kurdi | Sophie Rosset | Nadine Vigouroux | Jeanne Villaneau

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Using the Spoken Dutch Corpus for type-logical grammar induction
Michael Moortgat | Richard Moot

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Semantic Lexical Resources Applied to Content-based Querying - the OntoQuery Project
Bolette S. Pedersen | Patrizia Paggio

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Ellogon: A New Text Engineering Platform
Georgios Petasis | Vangelis Karkaletsis | Georgios Paliouras | Ion Androutsopoulos | Constantine D. Spyropoulos

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Multilingual Terminology Extraction and Validation
Antonio S. Valderrábanos | Alexander Belskis | Luis Iraola Moreno

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Natural Interactivity Resources – Data, Annotation Schemes and Tools
Laila Dybkjær | Niels Ole Bernsen

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THE NITE WORKBENCH. A Tool for Annotation of Natural Interactivity and Multimodal Data
Niels Ole Bernsen | Laila Dybkjær | Mykola Kolodnytsky

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A Unicode-based Environment for Creation and Use of Language Resources
Valentin Tablan | Cristian Ursu | Kalina Bontcheva | Hamish Cunningham | Diana Maynard | Oana Hamza | Tony McEnery | Paul Baker | Mark Leisher

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PatEdit: An Information Extraction Pattern Editor for Fast System Customization
Dimitra Farmakiotou | Vangelis Karkaletsis | Ioannis Koutsias | George Petasis | Constantine D. Spyropoulos

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The Hungarian National Corpus
Tamás Váradi

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Building and annotating a corpus for the study of journalistic text reuse
Paul Clough | Robert Gaizauskas | S. L. Piao

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Multimedia Annotation with Multilingual Input Methods and Search Support
Hennie Brugman | Harriet Spenke | Markus Kramer | Alexander Klassmann

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Analysis of Lexical Structures from Field Linguistics and Language Engineering
P. Wittenburg | W. Peters | S. Drude

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Methods of Language Documentation in the DOBES project
P. Wittenburg | U. Mosel | A. Dwyer

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Metadata Proposals for Corpora and Lexica
P. Wittenburg | W. Peters | D. Broeder

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Multimodal Annotations in Gesture and Sign Language Studies
P. Wittenburg | St. Levinson | S. Kita | H. Brugman

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Metadata Tools Supporting Controlled Vocabulary Services
Daan Broeder | Freddy Offenga | Don Willems

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LREP: A Language Repository Exchange Protocol
Daan Broeder | Peter Wittenburg | Thierry Declerck | Laurent Romary

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A Robust and Flexible Platform for Dependency Extraction
Caroline Hagège | Claude Roux

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Subject-field-specific Ontologies and Terminologies for the Web Community
Klaus-Dirk Schmitz

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Fish or Fowl:A Wizard of Oz Evaluation of Dialogue Strategies in the Restaurant Domain
Steve Whittaker | Marilyn Walker | Johanna Moore

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Integrating Two Semantic Lexicons, SIMPLE and ItalWordNet: What Can We Gain?
Adriana Roventini | Marisa Ulivieri | Nicoletta Calzolari

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Proper Names In A Semantic Database
Rita Marinelli | Adriana Roventini

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Transformed Subcategorization Frames in Chunk Parsing
Leonardo Lesmo | Vincenzo Lombardo

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Measuring corpus homogeneity using a range of measures for inter-document distance
Gabriela Cavaglià

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Multilingual XML-Based Named Entity Recognition for E-Retail Domains
Claire Grover | Scott McDonald | Donnla Nic Gearailt | Vangelis Karkaletsis | Dimitra Farmakiotou | Georgios Samaritakis | Georgios Petasis | Maria Teresa Pazienza | Michele Vindigni | Frantz Vichot | Francis Wolinski

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Usability Evaluation of a Dutch Multimodal System for Train Timetable Information
Janienke Sturm | Ilse Bakx | Bert Cranen | Jacques Terken | Fusi Wang

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How feasible is the reuse of grammars for Named Entity Recognition?
Katerina Pastra | Diana Maynard | Oana Hamza | Hamish Cunningham | Yorick Wilks

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Advanced Tools for the Study of Natural Interactivity
Claudia Soria | Niels Ole Bernsen | Niels Cadée | Jean Carletta | Laila Dybkjær | Stefan Evert | Ulrich Heid | Amy Isard | Mykola Kolodnytsky | Christoph Lauer | Wolfgang Lezius | Lucas P.J.J. Noldus | Vito Pirrelli | Norbert Reithinger | Andreas Vögele

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ADAM: The SI-TAL Corpus of Annotated Dialogues
Roldano Cattoni | Morena Danieli | Vanessa Sandrini | Claudia Soria

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Leo: an Architecture for Sharing Resources for Unification-Based Grammars
Jason Baldridge | John Dowding | Susana Early

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Tuning Context Features with Genetic Algorithms
Irena Spasić | Goran Nenadić | Sophia Ananiadou

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Automatic Acronym Acquisition and Term Variation Management within Domain-Specific Texts
Goran Nenadić | Irena Spasić | Sophia Ananiadou

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Adverbs in Semantic Lexica for NLP - The extension of the Danish SIMPLE lexicon with Time Adverbs
Sanni Nimb

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Scaling Up an MT Prototype for Industrial Use - Databases and Data Flow
Anna Sågvall Hein | Eva Forsbom | Jörg Tiedemann | Per Weijnitz | Ingrid Almqvist | Leif-Jöran Olsson | Sten Thaning

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A Flexible Distributed Architecture for Natural Language Analyzers
Xavier Carreras | Lluís Padró

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Italian arabic linguistic tools
Eugenio Picchi | Eva Sassolini | Ouafae Nahli | Sebastiana Cucurullo | M. Isabel Vargas

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Language Resource Creation and Distribution at the Linguistic Data Consortium: A Progress Report
Christopher Cieri | Mark Liberman

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Enhanced Dialogue Markup for Crisis Talk Scenario Resources
Claudia Sassen | Dafydd Gibbon

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MatsLex - a Multilingual Lexical Database for Machine Translation
Jörg Tiedemann

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Terminology Resources in the Context of a Major Translation Project
Maria Rzewuska

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Reducing Segmental Duration Variation by Local Speech Rate Normalization of Large Spoken Language Resources
Hartmut R. Pfitzinger

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Robust Accurate Statistical Annotation of General Text
Ted Briscoe | John Carroll

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A Human Language Technologies Platform for the Dutch language: awareness, management maintenance and distribution
Catia Cucchiarini | Elisabeth D’Halleweyn | Lisanne Teunissen

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A Field Survey for Establishing Priorities in the Development of HLT Resources for Dutch
D. Binnenpoorte | F. De Vriend | J. Sturm | W. Daelemans | H. Strik | C. Cucchiarini

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Natural Language Dialogue in a Virtual Assistant Interface
Ana M. García-Serrano | Luis Rodrigo-Aguado | Javier Calle

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The UNL System
Jesús Cardeñosa | Edmundo Tovar | Carolina Gallardo

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Bilingual Indexing for Information Retrieval with AUTINDEX
Dieter Maas | Rita Nuebel | Catherine Pease | Paul Schmidt

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The Future of Maltilex
Michael Rosner

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Standards & best practice for multilingual computational lexicons: ISLE MILE and more”
Nicoletta Calzolari | Ralph Grishman | Martha Palmer

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From Resources to Applications. Designing the Multilingual ISLE Lexical Entry
Sue Atkins | Nuria Bel | Francesca Bertagna | Pierrette Bouillon | Nicoletta Calzolari | Christiane Fellbaum | Ralph Grishman | Alessandro Lenci | Catherine MacLeod | Martha Palmer | Gregor Thurmair | Marta Villegas | Antonio Zampolli

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Towards Best Practice for Multiword Expressions in Computational Lexicons
Nicoletta Calzolari | Charles J. Fillmore | Ralph Grishman | Nancy Ide | Alessandro Lenci | Catherine MacLeod | Antonio Zampolli

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Multilingual Summarization by Integrating Linguistic Resources in the MLIS-MUSI Project
Alessandro Lenci | Roberto Bartolini | Nicoletta Calzolari | Ana Agua | Stephan Busemann | Emmanuel Cartier | Karine Chevreau | José Coch

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Current Developments of STO - the Danish Lexicon Project for NLP and HLT Applications
Anna Braasch

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Field Testing the Tongues Speech-to-Speech Machine Translation System
Robert E. Frederking | Alan W. Black | Ralf D. Brown | John Moody | Eric Steinbrecher

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Acquiring Compact Lexicalized Grammars from a Cleaner Treebank
Julia Hockenmaier | Mark Steedman

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Using Grammatical Description as a Metalanguage Resource
F. de Vriend | P.A. Coppen | W. Haeseryn

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The Greedy Algorithm and its Application to the Construction of a Continuous Speech Database
Hélène François | Olivier Boëffard

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Cooperation between black box and glass box approaches for the evaluation of a question answering system
Martine Hurault-Plantet | Laura Monceaux

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BDCon: A Spanish knowledge database
Adán Cassán | Sergi Cervell | Mireia Colom | Rafael Marín | Josep M. Merenciano | Gema Pérez | Lluís Valentín

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A step forward to hypertext
Adán Cassán | Sergi Cervell | Mireia Colom | Rafael Marín | Josep M. Merenciano | Gema Pérez | Lluís Valentín

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SpeechDat across all America: SALA II
Asunción Moreno | Oren Gedge | Henk van den Heuvel | Harald Höge | Sabine Horbach | Patricia Martin | Elisabeth Pinto | Antonio Rincón | Franco Senia | Rafid Sukkar

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Extraction of Associative Attributes from Nouns and Quantitative Expression of Prototype Concept
Maya Ando | Jun Okamoto | Shun Ishizaki

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The Language Resource Archive of the 21st Century
Martin Wynne

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Incremental Recognition and Referential Categorization of French Proper Names
Nordine Fourour | Emmanuel Morin | Béatrice Daille

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Bilingual Spoken Monologue Corpus for Simultaneous Machine Interpretation Research
Shigeki Matsubara | Akira Takagi | Nobuo Kawaguchi | Yasuyoshi Inagaki

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A XML-based tool for evaluation of SLDS
Marcela Charfuelán | Luis Hernández Gómez | Cristina Esteban López | Holmer Hemsen

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Automatic Morphological Segmentation for Continuous Speech Recognition of Basque
K. López de Ipiña | N. Ezeiza | G. Bordel

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Searching via Keywords or Concept Hierarchies - Which is Better?
Richard F. E. Sutcliffe | Kieran White

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DIADORIM - A Lexical Database for Brazilian Portuguese
Juliana Galvani Greghi | Ronaldo Teixeira Martins | Maria das Graças Volpe Nunes

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Multidialectal Spanish Modeling for ASR
Mónica Caballero | José B. Mariño | Asunción Moreno

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A unified system for accessing typological databases
Paola Monachesi | Alexis Dimitriadis | Rob Goedemans | Anne-Marie Mineur

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A Procedure for Word Derivational Processes Concerning Lexicon Extension in Highly Inflected Languages
Klára Osolsobĕ | Karel Pala | Radek Sedláček | Marek Veber

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Experimental Two-Level Morphology of Estonian
Heli Uibo

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Terminological Enrichment for non-Interactive MT Evaluation
Marianne Dabbadie | Widad Mustafa El Hadi | Ismaïl Timimi

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From TreeBank to PropBank
Paul Kingsbury | Martha Palmer

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Combining statistics on n-grams for automatic term recognition
Almudena Ballester | Ángel Martín Municio | Fernando Pardos | Jordi Porta Zamorano | Rafael J. Ruiz Ureña | Fernando Sánchez León

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TableTrans, MultiTrans, InterTrans and TreeTrans: Diverse Tools Built on the Annotation Graph Toolkit
Steven Bird | Kazuaki Maeda | Xiaoyi Ma | Haejoong Lee | Beth Randall | Salim Zayat

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Creating Annotation Tools with the Annotation Graph Toolkit
Kazauki Maeda | Steven Bird | Xiaoyi Ma | Haejoong Lee

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Multi-Dimensional Data Acquisition for Integrated Acoustic Information Research
Nobuo Kawaguchi | Shigeki Matsubara | Kazuya Takeda | Fumitada Itakura

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Annotations for Dynamic Diagnosis of the Dialog State
Laurence Devillers | Sophie Rosset | Hélène Bonneau-Maynard | Lori Lamel

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Annotating and Measuring Multimodal Behaviour – Tycoon Metrics in the Anvil Tool
Jean-Claude Martin | Michael Kipp

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The C-ORAL-ROM Project. New methods for spoken language archives in a multilingual romance corpus
Emanuela Cresti | Massimo Moneglia | Fernanda Bacelar do Nascimento | Antonio Moreno Sandoval | Jean Veronis | Philippe Martin | Kalid Choukri | Valerie Mapelli | Daniele Falavigna | Antonio Cid | Claude Blum

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TIDES Language Resources: A Resource Map for Translingual Information Access
Christopher Cieri | Mark Liberman

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Creation of an Annotated German Broadcast Speech Database for Spoken Document Retrieval
Stefan Eickeler | Martha Larson | Wolff Rüter | Joachim Köhler

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The TASX-environment: an XML-based toolset for time aligned speech corpora
Jan-Torsten Milde | Ulrike Gut

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An integrated framework for treebanks and multilayer annotations
Scott Cotton | Steven Bird

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Using the Web as a Linguistic Resource for Learning Reformulations Automatically
Florence Duclaye | François Yvon | Olivier Collin

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An API for Discourse-level Access to XML-encoded Corpora
Christoph Müller | Michael Strube

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Some Examinations of Intrinsic Methods for Summary Evaluation Based on the Text Summarization Challenge (TSC)
Hidetsugu Nanba | Manabu Okumura

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Toward an objective and generic Method for Spoken Language Understanding Systems Evaluation: an extension of the DCR method
Mohamed-Zakaria Kurdi | Mohamed Ahafhaf

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Information Extraction from Text Corpora: Using Filters on Collocation Sets
Gerhard Heyer | Uwe Quasthoff | Christian Wolff

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The DASL Project: a Case Study in Data Re-Annotation and Re-Use
Christopher Cieri | Stephanie Strassel

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Evaluating Web-based Question Answering Systems
Dragomir R. Radev | Hong Qi | Harris Wu | Weiguo Fan

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Construction of a Japanese Relevance-tagged Corpus
Daisuke Kawahara | Sadao Kurohashi | Kôiti Hasida

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The American National Corpus: More Than the Web Can Provide
Nancy Ide | Randi Reppen | Keith Suderman

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FORM: An Extensible, Kinematically-based Gesture Annotation Scheme.
Craig Martell

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Toward a Broad-coverage Bilingual Corpus for Speech Translation of Travel Conversations in the Real World
Toshiyuki Takezawa | Eiichiro Sumita | Fumiaki Sugaya | Hirofumi Yamamoto | Seiichi Yamamoto

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Scaling the ISLE Framework: Use of Existing Corpus Resources for Validation of MT Evaluation Metrics across Languages
Michelle Vanni | Keith Miller

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Learning description of term patterns using glossary resources
Le An Ha

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The binomial cumulative distribution function, or, is my system better than yours?
Barbara Di Eugenio | Michael Glass | Michael J. Scott

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Proposal of a very-large-corpus acquisition method by cell-formed registration
Fumiaki Suyaga | Toshiyuki Takezawa | Genichiro Kikui | Seiichi Yamamoto

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Bootstrapping Large Sense Tagged Corpora
Rada F. Mihalcea

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The Valence Patterns of Japanese Verbs Extracted From The EDR Corpus
Takano Ogino | Hitoshi Isahara | Kazuhiro Kobayashi

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Multimodal and Adaptative Pedagogical Resources
Jean-Claude Martin | Jean-Hugues Réty | Nelly Bensimon

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Enhanced Japanese Electronic Dictionary Look-up
Timothy Baldwin | Slaven Bilac | Ryo Okumura | Takenobu Tokunaga | Hozumi Tanaka

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Evaluation of a Vector Space Similarity Measure in a Multilingual Framework
Romaric Besançon | Martin Rajman

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Corpora as Object-Oriented System. From UML-notation to Implementation
Serge A. Yablonsky

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The Lexicon-Grammar Balance in Robust Parsing of Italian
Roberto Bartolini | Alessandro Lenci | Simonetta Montemagni | Vito Pirrelli

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Humans as Corpus - Language Learning Strategies in Virtually Mediated Authentic Environments
Daniel Jung

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An Annotated Japanese Sign Language Corpus
Atsuko Koizumi | Hirohiko Sagawa | Masaru Takeuchi

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EMILLE, A 67-Million Word Corpus of Indic Languages: Data Collection, Mark-up and Harmonisation
Paul Baker | Andrew Hardie | Tony McEnery | Hamish Cunningham | Rob Gaizauskas

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Multi-Modal Menus And Traffic Interaction. Timing As A Crucial Factor For User Driven Mode Decision
Angelika Salmen

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Assessing the difficulty of finding people in texts
Constantin Orăsan | Richard Evans

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Lemma selection in domain specific computational lexica - some specific problems
Sussi Olsen

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Automatism and User Interaction: Building a Hungarian WordNet
Gábor Prószéky | Márton Miháltz

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Comparative study of oral and written French automatically tagged with morpho-syntactic information
Véronique Gendner

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A Dependency Treebank for English
Owen Rambow | Cassandre Creswell | Rachel Szekely | Harriet Taber | Marilyn Walker

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A Text-based for Detection and Filtering of Commercial Segments in Broadcast News
Ganesh Ramesh | Amit Bagga

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Standards for Language Resources
Nancy Ide | Laurent Romary

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PIA-Core: Semantic Annotation through Example-based Learning
Nigel Collier | Koichi Takeuchi

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Progress on Multi-lingual Named Entity Annotation Guidelines using RDF (S)
Nigel Collier | Koichi Takeuchi | Chikashi Nobata | Junichi Fukumoto | Norihiro Ogata

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iLex - A tool for Sign Language Lexicography and Corpus Analysis
Thomas Hanke

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COLLATE: Competence Center in Speech and Language Technology
Joanne Capstick | Hans Uszkoreit | Wolfgang Wahlster | Thierry Declerck | Gregor Erbach | Anthony Jameson | Brigitte Jorg | Reinhard Karger | Tillmann Wegst

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Japanese and American Sign Language Dictionary System for Japanese and English Users
Emiko Suzuki | Kyoko Kakihana

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The feasibility of a complete text corpus
Primož Jakopin

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Lexical Annotation for Multi-word Entries Containing Nominalizations
Catherine Macleod

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Diversity of Scenarios in Information extraction
Silja Huttunen | Roman Yangarber | Ralph Grishman

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Multimodal Systems, Resources and Evaluation
Mark T. Maybury

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Designing speech database with prosodic variety for expressive TTS system
Hiromichi Kawanami | Tsuyoshi Masuda | Tomoki Toda | Kiyohiro Shikano

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Producing a Large-scale Encyclopedic Corpus over the Web
Atsushi Fujii | Katunobu Itou | Tetsuya Ishikawa

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Continuous Speech Recognition Consortium an Open Repository for CSR Tools and Models
Akinobu Lee | Tatsuya Kawahara | Kazuya Takeda | Masato Mimura | Atsushi Yamada | Akinori Ito | Katsunobu Itou | Kiyohiro Shikano

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Ethical and legal issues in corpus construction
Tony McEnery

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Which way should we go? Metaphoric expressions in lexical resources
Antonietta Alonge | Margherita Castelli

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Phonetically Distributed Continuous Speech Corpus for Thai Language
Chai Wutiwiwatchai | Patcharika Cotsomrong | Sinaporn Suebvisai | Supphanat Kanokphara

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Signatures, Typed Feature Structures and RDFS
Matthias Denecke

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Report on the Revision of the Lexicographical Standard ISO 1951 Presentation/Representation of Entries in Dictionaries
Marie-Jeanne Derouin | André Le Meur

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A Protocol for Evaluating Analyzers of Syntax (PEAS)
Véronique Gendner | Gabriel Illouz | Michèle Jardino | Laura Monceaux | Patrick Paroubek | Isabelle Robba | Anne Vilnat

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Language Resources and Evaluation: International Strategy Panel
Mark T. Maybury | Antonio Zampolli

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Machine Translation Evaluation: N-grams to the Rescue
Kishore Papineni

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Inside the Evaluation Process of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum (CLEF): Issues of Multilingual Topic Creation and Multilingual Relevance Assessment
Michael Kluck | Christa Womser-Hacker

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Beyond Tag Trigrams: New Local Features for Tagging
Andrew Finch | Ezra Black | Ringo Wathelet

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Multidocument Summarization with GISTexter
Sanda Harabagiu | Finley Lacatusu | Paul Morarescu

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A Domain Adaptive Approach to Automatic Acquisition of Domain Relevant Terms and their Relations with Bootstrapping
Feiyu Xu | Daniela Kurz | Jakub Piskorski | Sven Schmeier

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User-State Labeling Procedures For The Multimodal Data Collection Of SmartKom
Silke Steininger | Florian Schiel | Angelika Glesner

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Creating Domain-specific Information Servers
James Pustejovsky

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UNL Lexical Selection with Conceptual Vectors
Mathieu Lafourcade | Christian Boitet