Human Language Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Plainsboro, New Jersey, March 21-24, 1993


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H93-1
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1993
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Human Language Technology: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Plainsboro, New Jersey, March 21-24, 1993

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Overview of the ARPA Human Language Technology Workshop
Madeleine Bates

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Session 1: Spoken Language Systems
Alexander I. Rudnicky

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Benchmark Tests for the DARPA Spoken Language Program
David S. Pallett | Johathan G. Fiscus | William M. Fisher | John S. Garofolo

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Multi-Site Data Collection and Evaluation in Spoken Language Understanding
L. Hirschman | M. Bates | D. Dahl | W. Fisher | J. Garofolo | D. Pallett | K. Hunicke-Smith | P. Price | A. Rudnicky | E. Tzoukermann

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The HCRC Map Task Corpus: Natural Dialogue for Speech Recognition
Henry S. Thompson | Anne Anderson | Ellen Gurman Bard | Gwyneth Doherty-Sneddon | Alison Newlands | Cathy Sotillo

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A Portable Approach to Last Resort Parsing and Interpretation
Marcia C. Linebarger | Lewis M. Norton | Deborah A. Dahl

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The Semantic Linker- A New Fragment Combining Method
David Stallard | Robert Bobrow

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Gemini: A Natural Language System for Spoken-Language Understanding
John Dowding | Jean Mark Gawron | Doug Appelt | John Bear | Lynn Cherny | Robert Moore | Doug Moran

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A Bilingual VOYAGER System
D. Goodine | M. Phillips | S. Sakai | S. Seneff | V. Zue

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Session 2: Invited Overviews
Madeleine Bates

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Survey of the Message Understanding Conferences
Beth M. Sundheim | Nancy A. Chinchor

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Overview of TREC-1
Donna Harman

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Session 3: Continuous Speech Recognition
Douglas B. Paul

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Efficient Cepstral Normalization for Robust Speech Recognition
Fu-Hua Liu | Richard M. Stern | Xuedong Huang | Alejandro Acero

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Comparative Experiments on Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition
Richard Schwartz | Tasos Anastasakos | Francis Kubala | John Makhoul | Long Nguyen | George Zavaliagkos

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An Overview of the SPHINX-II Speech Recognition System
Xuedong Huang | Fileno Alleva | Mei-Yuh Hwang | Ronald Rosenfeld

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Progressive-Search Algorithms for Large-Vocabulary Speech Recognition
Hy Murveit | John Butzberger | Vassilios Digalakis | Mitch Weintraub

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Search Algorithms for Software-Only Real-Time Recognition with Very Large Vocabularies
Long Nguyen | Richard Schwartz | Francis Kubala | Paul Placeway

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Identification of Non-Linguistic Speech Features
Jean-Luc Gauvain | Lori F. Lamel

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On the Use of Tied-Mixture Distributions
Owen Kimball | Mari Ostendorf

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Adaptive Language Modeling Using the Maximum Entropy Principle
Raymond Lau | Ronald Rosenfeld | Salim Roukos

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Improved Keyword-Spotting Using SRI’s DECIPHER™ Large-Vocabuarly Speech-Recognition System
Mitchel Weintraub

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Topic and Speaker Identification via Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition
Barbara Peskin | Larry Gillick | Yoshiko Ito | Stephen Lowe | Robert Roth | Francesco Scattone | James Baker | Janet Baker | John Bridle | Melvyn Hunt | Jeremy Orloff

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Session 4: Natural Language
Robert C. Moore

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Heuristics for Broad-Coverage Natural Language Parsing
Michael C. McCord

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FASTUS: A System for Extracting Information from Text
Jerry R. Hobbs | Douglas Appelt | John Bear | David Israel | Megumi Kameyalna | Mabry Tyson

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Interpreting Temporal Adverbials
Chung Hee Hwang | Lenhart K. Schubert

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The Murasaki Project: Multilingual Natural Language Understanding
Chinatsu Aone | Hatte Blejer | Sharon Flank | Douglas McKee | Sandy Shinn

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Validation of Terminological Inference in an Information Extraction Task
Marc Vilain

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Session 5: Discourse
Jerry R. Hobbs

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Development, Implementation and Testing of a Discourse Model for Newspaper Texts
Elizabeth D. Liddy | Kenneth A. McVearry | Woojin Paik | Edmund Yu | Mary McKenna

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Indexing and Exploiting a Discourse History to Generate Context-Sensitive Explanations
Johanna D. Moore

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Generic Plan Recognition for Dialogue Systems
George Ferguson | James F. Allen

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Efficient Collaborative Discourse: A Theory and Its Implementation
Alan W. Biermann | Curry I. Guinn | D. Richard Hipp | Ronnie W. Smith

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Machine Translation
Alex Waibel

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Building a Large Ontology for Machine Translation
Kevin Knight

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LINGSTAT: An Interactive, Machine-Aided Translation System
Jonathan Yamron | James Baker | Paul Bamberg | Haakon Chevalier | Taiko Dietzel | John Elder | Frank Kampmann | Mark Mandel | Linda Manganaro | Todd Margolis | Elizabeth Steele

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An MAT Tool and Its Effectiveness
Robert Frederking | Dean Grannes | Peter Cousseau | Sergei Nirenburg

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But Dictionaries Are Data Too
Peter F. Brown | Stephen A. Della Pietra | Vincent J. Della Pietra | Meredith J. Goldsmith | Jan Hajic | Robert L. Mercer | Surya Mohanty

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Evaluation of Machine Translation
John S. White | Theresa A. O’Connell

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Recent Advances in Janus: A Speech Translation System
M. Woszczyna | N. Coccaro | A. Eisele | A. Lavie | A. McNair | T. Polzin | I. Rogina | C. P. Rose | T. Sloboda | M. Tomita | J. Tsutsumi | N. Aoki-Waibel | A. Waibel | W. Ward

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A Speech to Speech Translation System Built From Standard Components
Manny Rayner | Hiyan Alshawi | Ivan Bretan | David Carter | Vassilios Digalakis | Bjorn Gamback | Jaan Kaja | Jussi Karlgren | Bertil Lyberg | Steve Pulman | Patti Price | Christer Samuelsson

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Session 7: Demonstrations
Hy Murveit

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Session 8: Statistical Language Modeling
Mitchell Marcus

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Example-Based Correction of Word Segmentation and Part of Speech Labelling
Tomoyoshi Matsukawa | Scott Miller | Ralph Weischedel

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Measures and Models for Phrase Recognition
Steven Abney

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Automatic Grammar Induction and Parsing Free Text: A Transformation-Based Approach
Eric Brill

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Prediction of Lexicalized Tree Fragments in Text
Donald Hindle

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Hypothesizing Word Association From Untagged Text
Tomoyoshi Matsukawa

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Smoothing of Automatically Generated Selectional Constraints
Ralph Grishman | John Sterling

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Corpus-Based Statistical Sense Resolution
Claudia Leacock | Geoffrey Towell | Ellen Voorhees

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One Sense per Collocation
David Yarowsky

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Augmenting Lexicons Automatically: Clustering Semantically Related Adjectives
Kathleen McKeown | Vasileios Hatzivassiloglou

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Semantic Classes and Syntactic Ambiguity
Philip Resnik

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Session 9: Government Panel
Carol J. Van Ess-Dykema

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Projected Government Needs in Human Language Technology and the Role of Researchers in Meeting Them
Helen M. Gigley

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Language Research Sponsored by ONR
Susan Chipman

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Technology Transfer: Problems and Prospects
Jesse W. Fussell

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Session 10: THE LEXICON
Ralph Grishman

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The COMLEX Syntax Project
Ralph Grishman | Catherine Macleod | Susanne Wolff

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A Semantic Concordance
George A. Miller | Claudia Leacock | Randee Tengi | Ross T. Bunker

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Interpretation of Proper Nouns for Information Retrieval
Woojin Paik | Elizabeth D. Liddy | Edmund Yu | Mary McKenna

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Session 11: Prosody
M. Ostendorf

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On Customizing Prosody in Speech Synthesis: Names and Addresses as a Case in Point
Kim E. A. Silverman

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Quantitative Modeling of Segmental Duration
Jan P. H. van Santen

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A Speech-First Model for Repair Detection and Correction
Christine Nakatani | Julia Hirschberg

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Prosody/Parse Scoring and Its Application in ATIS
N. M. Veilleux | M. Ostendorf

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Perceived Prosodic Boundaries and Their Phonetic Correlates
Renk Collier | Jan Roelof de Pijper | Angelien Sanderman

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Document retrieval and text retrieval
Karen Sparck Jones

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The Importance of Proper Weighting Methods
Chris Buckley

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Query Processing for Retrieval From Large Text Bases
John Broglio | W. Bruce Croft

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An Overview of DR-LINK and Its Approach to Document Filtering
Elizabeth D. Liddy | Woojin Paik | Edmund S. Yu | Kenneth A. McVearry

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Session 13: New Directions
Ralph Weischedel

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Mode preference in a simple data-retrieval task
Alexander I. Rudnicky

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A Simulation-Based Research Strategy for Designing Complex NL Systems
Sharon Oviatt | Philip Cohen | Michelle Wang | Jeremy Gaston

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Speech and Text-Image Processing in Documents
Marcia A. Bush

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Machine Learning Techniques for Document Filtering
Richard M. Tong | Lee A. Appelbaum

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Gisting Continuous Speech
J. R. Rohlicek

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Robust Continuous Speech Recognition
John Makhoul | Richard Schwartz

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Robustness, Portability, and Scalability of Natural Language Systems
Ralph Weischedel

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Usable, Real-Time, Interactive Spoken Language Systems
John Makhoul | Madeleine Bates

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Evaluating the Use of Prosodic Information in Speech Recognition and Understanding
Mari Ostendorf | Patti Price

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Segment-Based Acoustic Models for Continuous Speech Recognition
Mari Ostendorf | J. Robin Rohlicek

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Spoken-Language Research at Carnegie Mellon
Raj Reddy

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Extracting Constraints on Word Usage from Large Text Corpora
Kathleen McKeown | Rebecca Passonneau

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The SMART Information Retrieval Project
C. Buckley | G. Salton | J. Allan

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LINGSTAT: An Interactive, Machine-Aided Translation System
Jonathan Yamron | James Baker

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Research in Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition
Janet Baker | Larry Gillick | Robert Roth

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Shogun- Multilingual Data Extraction for TIPSTER
P. Jacobs

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MatchPlus: A Context Vector System for Document Retrieval
Stephen L. Gallant | William R. Caid

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Applying Statistical Methods to Machine Translation
Peter F. Brown

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Automatic Extraction of Grammars From Annotated Text
Salim Roukos

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Evaluation and Analysis of Auditory Model Front Ends for Robust Speech Recognition Program Summary
Richard P. Lippmann

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Robust Continuous Speech Recognition Technology Program Summary
Clifford J. Weinstein | Douglas B. Paul

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Spoken Language Recognition and Understanding
Victor Zue | Lynette Hirschman

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NIST-DARPA Interagency Agreement: Spoken Language Program
David S. Pallett

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Information Extraction System Evaluation
Beth M. Sundheim

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The Consortium for Lexical Research
Y. Wilks

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Diderot: TIPSTER Program, Automatic Data Extraction from Text Utilizing Semantic Analysis
Y. Wilks | J. Pustejovsky | J. Cowie

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Pangloss: A Knowledge-based Machine Assisted Translation Research Project - Site
Y. Wilks

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Research in Natural Language Processing
Ralph Grishman

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Robust Text Processing and Information Retrieval
Tomek Strzalkowski

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WORDNET: A Lexical Database for English
George A. Miller

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Information Retrieval from Large Textbases
K.L. Kwok

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Exploiting Concept Spaces for Text Retrieval
Ellen M. Voorhees

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Annotation of ATIS Data
Kate Hunicke-Smith | Jared Bernstein

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CSR Corpus Collection
Denise Danielson | Jared Bernstein

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A Real-Time Spoken-Language System for Interactive Problem Solving
Patti Price | Robert C. Moore

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High Performance Speech Recognition Using Consistency Modeling
Vassilios Digalakis | Hy Murveit | Mitch Weintraub

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DR-LINK: Document Retrieval Using Linguistic Knowledge
Elizabeth D. Liddy | Sung H. Myaeng

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UMass/Hughes TIPSTER Project on Extraction from Text
Wendy Lehnert | Charles Dolan

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Text Retrieval and Routing Techniques Based on an Inference Net
W. Bruce Croft

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Natural Language Research
Aravind Joshi | Mitch Marcus | Mark Steedman | Bonnie Webber

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Natural Language Planning Dialogue for Intelligent Applications
James F. Allen | Len Schubert

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The Penman Project on Knowledge-Based Machine Translation
Eduard Hovy