Speech and Natural Language: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Pacific Grove, California, February 19-22, 1991


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H91-1
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1991
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Speech and Natural Language: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Pacific Grove, California, February 19-22, 1991

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Overview of the Fourth DARPA Speech and Natural Language Workshop
Patti Price

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Session 1: Speech and Natural Language Efforts in the U. S. and Abroad
Mark Y. Liberman | Patti Price

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The ESPRIT Project POLYGLOT
Louis Boves

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Some Notes About Research and Development at KTH
Rolf Carlson

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Speech Understanding and Dialogue over the telephone: an overview of the ESPRIT SUNDIAL project.
Jeremy Peckham

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Machine Translation in Europe
S. Warwick-Armstrong

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ESPRIT, The European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology

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Session 2: DARPA Resource Management and ATIS Benchmark Test Poster Session
David S. Pallett

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Dragon Systems Resource Management Benchmark Results February 1991
James Baker | Janet Baker | Pard Bamberg | Larry Gillick | Lori Lamel | Robert Roth | Francesco Scattone | Dean Sturtevant | Ousmane Ba | Richard Benedict

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New Results with the Lincoln Tied-Mixture HMM CSR System
Douglas B. Paul

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Modelling Context Dependency in Acoustic-Phonetic and Lexical Representations
Michael Phillips | James Glass | Victor Zue

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BYBLOS Speech Recognition Benchmark Results
F. Kubala | S. Austin | C. Barry | J. Makhoul | P. Placeway | R. Schwartz

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Integration of Diverse Recognition Methodologies Through Reevaluation of N-Best Sentence Hypotheses
M. Ostendorf | A. Kannan | S. Austin | O. Kimball | R. Schwartz | J.R. Rohlicek

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Development and Preliminary Evaluation of the MIT ATIS System
Stephanie Seneff | James Glass | David Goddeau | David Goodine | Lynette Hirschman | Hong Leung | Michael Phillips | Joseph Polifroni | Victor Zue

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Speech Recognition in SRI’s Resource Management and ATIS Systems
Hy Murveit | John Butzberger | Mitch Weintraub

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Evaluation of the CMU ATIS System
Wayne Ward

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Using Semantics to Correct Parser Output for ATIS Utterances
Sheryl Young

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BBN HARC and DELPHI Results on the ATIS Benchmarks - February 1991
S. Austin | D. Ayuso | M. Bates | R. Bobrow | R. Ingria | J. Makhoul | P. Placeway | R. Schwartz | D. Stallard

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A Textual processor to handle ATIS queries
Douglas O’Shaughnessy

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Stochastic Representation of Conceptual Structure in the ATIS Task
Roberto Pieraccini | Esther Levin | Chin-Hui Lee

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Augmented Role Filling Capabilities for Semantic Interpretation of Spoken Language
Lewis Norton | Marcia Linebarger | Deborah Dahl | Nghi Nguyen

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The Use of a Commercial Natural Language Interface in the ATIS Task
Evelyne Tzoukermann

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Session 3: Machine Translation
Jaime Carbonell

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Machine Translation Using Abductive Inference
Jerry R. Hobbs | Megumi Kameyama

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A Statistical Approach to Sense Disambiguation in Machine Translation
Peter F. Brown | Stephen A. Della Pietra | Vincent J. Della Pietra | Robert L. Mercer

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Identifying Word Correspondences in Parallel Texts
William A. Gale | Kenneth W. Church

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Session 4: Speech I
Richard F. Lyon

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Field Test Evaluations and Optimization of Speaker Independent Speech Recognition for Telephone Applications
Christian Gagnoulet | Christel Sorin

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Collection and Analysis of Data From Real Users: Implications for Speech Recognition/Understanding Systems
Judith Spitz

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Autodirective Microphone Systems for Natural Communication With Speech Recognizers
J. L. Flanagan | R. Mammone | G. W. Elko

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Signal Representation Attribute Extraction and the Use Distinctive Features for Phonetic Classification
Helen M. Meng | Victor W. Zue | Hong C. Leung

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Session 5: Natural Language I
James F. Allen

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The Mapping Unit Approach to Subcategorization
Robert Bobrow | Robert Ingria | David Stallard

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A Template Matcher for Robust NL Interpretation
Eric Jackson | Douglas Appelt | John Bear | Robert Moore | Ann Podlozny

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Fixed and Flexible Phrase Structure: Coordination in Tree Adjoining Grammars
Aravind K. Joshi | Yves Schabes

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Efficient Bottom-Up Parsing
Robert Moore | John Dowding

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Partial Parsing: A Report on Work in Progress
Ralph Weischedel | Damaris Ayuso | R. Bobrow | Sean Boisen | Robert Ingria | Jeff Palmucci

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Session 6: Demonstrations and Videotapes of Speech and Natural Language Technologies
Mari Ostendorf

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Analog Implementations of Auditory Models
Richard F. Lyon

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Using Spoken Language to Facilitate Military Transportation Planning
Madeleine Bates | Dan Ellard | Pat Peterson | Varda Shaked

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Session 7: Natural Language II
Salim Roukos

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Statistical Agenda Parsing
Robert J. Bobrow

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Some Results on Stochastic Language Modelling
Renato De Mori | Roland Kuhn

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Parsing the Voyager Domain Using Pearl
David M. Magerman | Mitchell P. Marcus

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Calculating the Probability of a Partial Parse of a Sentence
Fred Kochman | Joseph Kupin

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A Trellis-Based Algorithm For Estimating The Parameters Of Hidden Stochastic Context-Free Grammar
Julian Kupiec

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Session 8: Speech II
Kai-Fu Lee

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Continuous Speech Recognition Using Segmental Neural Nets
S. Austin | J. Makhoul | R. Schwartz | G. Zavaliagkos

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A Dynamical System Approach to Continuous Speech Recognition
V. Digalakis | J.R. Rohlicek | M. Ostendorf

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Recent Progress in Robust Vocabulary-Independent Speech Recognition
Hsiao-Wuen Hon | Kai-Fu Lee

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Context Dependent Modeling of Phones in Continuous Speech Using Decision Trees
L.R. Bahl | P.V. de Souza | P.S. Gopalakrishnan | D. Nahamoo | M.A. Picheny

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Session 9: Speech III
Francis Kubala

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Bayesian Learning of Gaussian Mixture Densities for Hidden Markov Models
Jean-Luc Gauvain | Chin-Hui Lee

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A Study on Speaker-Adaptive Speech Recognition
X.D. Huang

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Experience with a Stack Decoder-Based HMM CSR and Back-Off N-Gram Language Models
Douglas B. Paul

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Lexical Access With a Statistically-Derived Phonetic Network
Michael D. Riley | Andrej Ljolje

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A Dynamic Language Model for Speech Recognition
F. Jelinek | B. Merialdo | S. Roukos | M. Strauss

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Session 10: Corpora and Evaluation
Clifford J. Weinstein

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Third Message Understanding Evaluation and Conference (MUC-3): Phase 1 Status Report
Beth M. Sundheim

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A Procedure for Quantitatively Comparing the Syntactic Coverage of English Grammars
E. Black | S. Abney | D. Flickenger | C. Gdaniec | R. Grishman | P. Harrison | D. Hindle | R. Ingria | F. Jelinek | J. Klavans | M. Liberman | M. Marcus | S. Roukos | B. Santorini | T. Strzalkowski

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Evaluating Text Categorization I
David D. Lewis

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A Proposal for Incremental Dialogue Evaluation
Madeleine Bates | Damaris Ayuso

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Session 11 - Natural Language III
Mitch Marcus

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Discourse Structure in the TRAINS Project
James F. Allen

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Studies in Part of Speech Labelling
Marie Meteer | Richard Schwartz | Ralph Weischedel

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Lexico-Semantic Pattern Matching as a Companion to Parsing in Text Understanding
Paul S. Jacobs | George R. Krupka | Lisa F. Rau

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Automatic Acquisition of Subcategorization Frames from Tagged Text
Michael R. Brent | Robert C. Berwick

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Fast Text Processing for Information Retrieval
Tomek Strzalkowski | Barbara Vauthey

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Session 12: SLS and Prosody
Edward P. Neuburg

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Interactive Problem Solving and Dialogue in the ATIS Domain
Stephanie Seneff | Lynette Hirschman | Victor W. Zue

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Collection of Spontaneous Speech for the ATIS Domain and Comparative Analyses of Data Collected at MIT and TI
Joseph Polifroni | Stephanie Seneff | Victor W. Zue

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Integrating Syntax and Semantics into Spoken Language Understanding
Lynette Hirschman | Stephanie Seneff | David Goodine | Michael Phillips

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The Use of Prosody in Syntactic Disambiguation
Patti Price | Mari Ostendorf | Stefanie Shattuck-Hufnagel | Cynthia Fong

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Predicting Intonational Boundaries Automatically from Text: The ATIS Domain
Michelle Q. Wang | Julia Hirschberg

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Use of Prosody in Syntactic Disambiguation: An Analysis-by-Synthesis Approach
C. W. Wightman | N. M. Veilleux | M. Ostendorf

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The Consortium for Lexical Research

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A Proposal for Lexical Disambiguation
George A. Miller | Daniel A. Teibel

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A Snapshot of Two DARPA Speech and Natural Language Programs
Charles L. Wayne

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Adaptive Natural Language Processing
Ralph Weischedel

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Research in Continuous Speech Recognition
John Makhoul | Richard Schwartz

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Spoken Language Systems
John Makhoul

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Evaluating the Use of Prosodic Information in Speech Recognition and Understanding
Mari Ostendorf | Patti Price

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Segment-Based Acoustic Models with Multi-level Search Algorithms for Continuous Speech Recognition
Mari Ostendorf | J. Robin Rohlicek

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Microphone-Array Systems for Speech Recognition Input
Harvey F. Silverman

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Spoken-Language Research at Carnegie Mellon
Raj Reddy

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The PLUS Accelerator
Roberto Bisiani

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Interactive Multimedia Explanation for Equipment Maintenance and Repair
Kathleen McKeown | Steven Feiner

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Progress Report for DARPA SLS Program at Dragon Systems, Inc.
Janet Baker | Larry Gillick

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Portable Software Modules for Speech Recognition (Phase I SBIR grant from DARPA)
John Shore

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Spoken Language Recognition and Understanding
Victor W. Zue | Lynette Hirschman

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Robust Speech Recognition Technology Program Summary
Clifford J. Weinstein | Douglas B. Paul

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NIST-DARPA Interagency Agreement: SLS Program
David S. Pallett

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Evaluating Text Understanding Systems
Beth M. Sundheim

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Active Knowledge Structures in Natural Language Understanding
Yorick Wilks

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Robust and Portable Text Processing
Ralph Grishman

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A Robust Preprocessor for Speech-Recognition Systems
George Zweig

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Corpus Collection for ATIS
Jared Bernstein

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Real-Time Speech Recognition System
Hy Murveit | Mitchel Weintraub

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SRI’s Real-Time Spoken Language System
Patti Price | Robert C. Moore

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TACITUS: The Abductive Commonsense Inference-based Text Understanding System
Jerry R. Hobbs

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Linguistic Knowledge Sources for Spoken Language Understanding
Deborah A. Dahl

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Language Processing and Commonsense Reasoning
Robert Wilensky

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Natural Language Research
Aravind K. Joshi | Mitch Marcus | Mark Steedman | Bonnie Webber

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Very Large Annotated Database of American English
Mitch Marcus

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Natural Language, Knowledge Representation and Discourse
James F. Allen | Lenhart K. Schubert

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The Penman Natural Language Project Systemics-Based Machine Translation
Eduard Hovy