Nathan Hartmann


SIMPLEX-PB 2.0: A Reliable Dataset for Lexical Simplification in Brazilian Portuguese
Nathan Hartmann | Gustavo Henrique Paetzold | Sandra Aluísio
Proceedings of the The Fourth Widening Natural Language Processing Workshop

Most research on Lexical Simplification (LS) addresses non-native speakers of English, since they are numerous and easy to recruit. This makes it difficult to create LS solutions for other languages and target audiences. This paper presents SIMPLEX-PB 2.0, a dataset for LS in Brazilian Portuguese that, unlike its predecessor SIMPLEX-PB, accurately captures the needs of Brazilian underprivileged children. To create SIMPLEX-PB 2.0, we addressed all limitations of the old SIMPLEX-PB through multiple rounds of manual annotation. As a result, SIMPLEX-PB 2.0 features much more reliable and numerous candidate substitutions to complex words, as well as word complexity rankings produced by a group underprivileged children.


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NILC at CWI 2018: Exploring Feature Engineering and Feature Learning
Nathan Hartmann | Leandro Borges dos Santos
Proceedings of the Thirteenth Workshop on Innovative Use of NLP for Building Educational Applications

This paper describes the results of NILC team at CWI 2018. We developed solutions following three approaches: (i) a feature engineering method using lexical, n-gram and psycholinguistic features, (ii) a shallow neural network method using only word embeddings, and (iii) a Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) language model, which is pre-trained on a large text corpus to produce a contextualized word vector. The feature engineering method obtained our best results for the classification task and the LSTM model achieved the best results for the probabilistic classification task. Our results show that deep neural networks are able to perform as well as traditional machine learning methods using manually engineered features for the task of complex word identification in English.


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Portuguese Word Embeddings: Evaluating on Word Analogies and Natural Language Tasks
Nathan Hartmann | Erick Fonseca | Christopher Shulby | Marcos Treviso | Jéssica Silva | Sandra Aluísio
Proceedings of the 11th Brazilian Symposium in Information and Human Language Technology


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A Large Corpus of Product Reviews in Portuguese: Tackling Out-Of-Vocabulary Words
Nathan Hartmann | Lucas Avanço | Pedro Balage | Magali Duran | Maria das Graças Volpe Nunes | Thiago Pardo | Sandra Aluísio
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

Web 2.0 has allowed a never imagined communication boom. With the widespread use of computational and mobile devices, anyone, in practically any language, may post comments in the web. As such, formal language is not necessarily used. In fact, in these communicative situations, language is marked by the absence of more complex syntactic structures and the presence of internet slang, with missing diacritics, repetitions of vowels, and the use of chat-speak style abbreviations, emoticons and colloquial expressions. Such language use poses severe new challenges for Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools and applications, which, so far, have focused on well-written texts. In this work, we report the construction of a large web corpus of product reviews in Brazilian Portuguese and the analysis of its lexical phenomena, which support the development of a lexical normalization tool for, in future work, subsidizing the use of standard NLP products for web opinion mining and summarization purposes.