Natalia Viani


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Development of a Corpus Annotated with Medications and their Attributes in Psychiatric Health Records
Jaya Chaturvedi | Natalia Viani | Jyoti Sanyal | Chloe Tytherleigh | Idil Hasan | Kate Baird | Sumithra Velupillai | Robert Stewart | Angus Roberts
Proceedings of the 12th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

Free text fields within electronic health records (EHRs) contain valuable clinical information which is often missed when conducting research using EHR databases. One such type of information is medications which are not always available in structured fields, especially in mental health records. Most use cases that require medication information also generally require the associated temporal information (e.g. current or past) and attributes (e.g. dose, route, frequency). The purpose of this study is to develop a corpus of medication annotations in mental health records. The aim is to provide a more complete picture behind the mention of medications in the health records, by including additional contextual information around them, and to create a resource for use when developing and evaluating applications for the extraction of medications from EHR text. Thus far, an analysis of temporal information related to medications mentioned in a sample of mental health records has been conducted. The purpose of this analysis was to understand the complexity of medication mentions and their associated temporal information in the free text of EHRs, with a specific focus on the mental health domain.


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Annotating Temporal Information in Clinical Notes for Timeline Reconstruction: Towards the Definition of Calendar Expressions
Natalia Viani | Hegler Tissot | Ariane Bernardino | Sumithra Velupillai
Proceedings of the 18th BioNLP Workshop and Shared Task

To automatically analyse complex trajectory information enclosed in clinical text (e.g. timing of symptoms, duration of treatment), it is important to understand the related temporal aspects, anchoring each event on an absolute point in time. In the clinical domain, few temporally annotated corpora are currently available. Moreover, underlying annotation schemas - which mainly rely on the TimeML standard - are not necessarily easily applicable for applications such as patient timeline reconstruction. In this work, we investigated how temporal information is documented in clinical text by annotating a corpus of medical reports with time expressions (TIMEXes), based on TimeML. The developed corpus is available to the NLP community. Starting from our annotations, we analysed the suitability of the TimeML TIMEX schema for capturing timeline information, identifying challenges and possible solutions. As a result, we propose a novel annotation schema that could be useful for timeline reconstruction: CALendar EXpression (CALEX).


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Time Expressions in Mental Health Records for Symptom Onset Extraction
Natalia Viani | Lucia Yin | Joyce Kam | Ayunni Alawi | André Bittar | Rina Dutta | Rashmi Patel | Robert Stewart | Sumithra Velupillai
Proceedings of the Ninth International Workshop on Health Text Mining and Information Analysis

For psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, longer durations of untreated psychosis are associated with worse intervention outcomes. Data included in electronic health records (EHRs) can be useful for retrospective clinical studies, but much of this is stored as unstructured text which cannot be directly used in computation. Natural Language Processing (NLP) methods can be used to extract this data, in order to identify symptoms and treatments from mental health records, and temporally anchor the first emergence of these. We are developing an EHR corpus annotated with time expressions, clinical entities and their relations, to be used for NLP development. In this study, we focus on the first step, identifying time expressions in EHRs for patients with schizophrenia. We developed a gold standard corpus, compared this corpus to other related corpora in terms of content and time expression prevalence, and adapted two NLP systems for extracting time expressions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first resource annotated for temporal entities in the mental health domain.