Maite Taboada

Also published as: M. Taboada


2018

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Introduction to the Special Issue on Language in Social Media: Exploiting Discourse and Other Contextual Information
Farah Benamara | Diana Inkpen | Maite Taboada
Computational Linguistics, Volume 44, Issue 4 - December 2018

Social media content is changing the way people interact with each other and share information, personal messages, and opinions about situations, objects, and past experiences. Most social media texts are short online conversational posts or comments that do not contain enough information for natural language processing (NLP) tools, as they are often accompanied by non-linguistic contextual information, including meta-data (e.g., the user’s profile, the social network of the user, and their interactions with other users). Exploiting such different types of context and their interactions makes the automatic processing of social media texts a challenging research task. Indeed, simply applying traditional text mining tools is clearly sub-optimal, as, typically, these tools take into account neither the interactive dimension nor the particular nature of this data, which shares properties with both spoken and written language. This special issue contributes to a deeper understanding of the role of these interactions to process social media data from a new perspective in discourse interpretation. This introduction first provides the necessary background to understand what context is from both the linguistic and computational linguistic perspectives, then presents the most recent context-based approaches to NLP for social media. We conclude with an overview of the papers accepted in this special issue, highlighting what we believe are the future directions in processing social media texts.

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The Data Challenge in Misinformation Detection: Source Reputation vs. Content Veracity
Fatemeh Torabi Asr | Maite Taboada
Proceedings of the First Workshop on Fact Extraction and VERification (FEVER)

Misinformation detection at the level of full news articles is a text classification problem. Reliably labeled data in this domain is rare. Previous work relied on news articles collected from so-called “reputable” and “suspicious” websites and labeled accordingly. We leverage fact-checking websites to collect individually-labeled news articles with regard to the veracity of their content and use this data to test the cross-domain generalization of a classifier trained on bigger text collections but labeled according to source reputation. Our results suggest that reputation-based classification is not sufficient for predicting the veracity level of the majority of news articles, and that the system performance on different test datasets depends on topic distribution. Therefore collecting well-balanced and carefully-assessed training data is a priority for developing robust misinformation detection systems.

2017

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Evaluative Language Beyond Bags of Words: Linguistic Insights and Computational Applications
Farah Benamara | Maite Taboada | Yannick Mathieu
Computational Linguistics, Volume 43, Issue 1 - April 2017

The study of evaluation, affect, and subjectivity is a multidisciplinary enterprise, including sociology, psychology, economics, linguistics, and computer science. A number of excellent computational linguistics and linguistic surveys of the field exist. Most surveys, however, do not bring the two disciplines together to show how methods from linguistics can benefit computational sentiment analysis systems. In this survey, we show how incorporating linguistic insights, discourse information, and other contextual phenomena, in combination with the statistical exploitation of data, can result in an improvement over approaches that take advantage of only one of these perspectives. We first provide a comprehensive introduction to evaluative language from both a linguistic and computational perspective. We then argue that the standard computational definition of the concept of evaluative language neglects the dynamic nature of evaluation, in which the interpretation of a given evaluation depends on linguistic and extra-linguistic contextual factors. We thus propose a dynamic definition that incorporates update functions. The update functions allow for different contextual aspects to be incorporated into the calculation of sentiment for evaluative words or expressions, and can be applied at all levels of discourse. We explore each level and highlight which linguistic aspects contribute to accurate extraction of sentiment. We end the review by outlining what we believe the future directions of sentiment analysis are, and the role that discourse and contextual information need to play.

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Constructive Language in News Comments
Varada Kolhatkar | Maite Taboada
Proceedings of the First Workshop on Abusive Language Online

We discuss the characteristics of constructive news comments, and present methods to identify them. First, we define the notion of constructiveness. Second, we annotate a corpus for constructiveness. Third, we explore whether available argumentation corpora can be useful to identify constructiveness in news comments. Our model trained on argumentation corpora achieves a top accuracy of 72.59% (baseline=49.44%) on our crowd-annotated test data. Finally, we examine the relation between constructiveness and toxicity. In our crowd-annotated data, 21.42% of the non-constructive comments and 17.89% of the constructive comments are toxic, suggesting that non-constructive comments are not much more toxic than constructive comments.

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Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Recent Advances in RST and Related Formalisms
M. Taboada | I. da Cunha | E.G. Maziero | P. Cardoso | J.D. Antonio | M. Iruskieta
Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Recent Advances in RST and Related Formalisms

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The Good, the Bad, and the Disagreement: Complex ground truth in rhetorical structure analysis
Debopam Das | Manfred Stede | Maite Taboada
Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Recent Advances in RST and Related Formalisms

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Using lexical level information in discourse structures for Basque sentiment analysis
Jon Alkorta | Koldo Gojenola | Mikel Iruskieta | Maite Taboada
Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Recent Advances in RST and Related Formalisms

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Using New York Times Picks to Identify Constructive Comments
Varada Kolhatkar | Maite Taboada
Proceedings of the 2017 EMNLP Workshop: Natural Language Processing meets Journalism

We examine the extent to which we are able to automatically identify constructive online comments. We build several classifiers using New York Times Picks as positive examples and non-constructive thread comments from the Yahoo News Annotated Comments Corpus as negative examples of constructive online comments. We evaluate these classifiers on a crowd-annotated corpus containing 1,121 comments. Our best classifier achieves a top F1 score of 0.84.

2015

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Mapping Different Rhetorical Relation Annotations: A Proposal
Farah Benamara | Maite Taboada
Proceedings of the Fourth Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics

2013

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On the contribution of discourse structure to topic segmentation
Paula Cardoso | Maite Taboada | Thiago Pardo
Proceedings of the SIGDIAL 2013 Conference

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Subtopic Annotation in a Corpus of News Texts: Steps Towards Automatic Subtopic Segmentation
Paula C. F. Cardoso | Maite Taboada | Thiago A. S. Pardo
Proceedings of the 9th Brazilian Symposium in Information and Human Language Technology

2012

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A review corpus annotated for negation, speculation and their scope
Natalia Konstantinova | Sheila C.M. de Sousa | Noa P. Cruz | Manuel J. Maña | Maite Taboada | Ruslan Mitkov
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'12)

This paper presents a freely available resource for research on handling negation and speculation in review texts. The SFU Review Corpus, consisting of 400 documents of movie, book, and consumer product reviews, was annotated at the token level with negative and speculative keywords and at the sentence level with their linguistic scope. We report statistics on corpus size and the consistency of annotations. The annotated corpus will be useful in many applications, such as document mining and sentiment analysis.

2011

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Lexicon-Based Methods for Sentiment Analysis
Maite Taboada | Julian Brooke | Milan Tofiloski | Kimberly Voll | Manfred Stede
Computational Linguistics, Volume 37, Issue 2 - June 2011

2009

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Cross-Linguistic Sentiment Analysis: From English to Spanish
Julian Brooke | Milan Tofiloski | Maite Taboada
Proceedings of the International Conference RANLP-2009

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Genre-Based Paragraph Classification for Sentiment Analysis
Maite Taboada | Julian Brooke | Manfred Stede
Proceedings of the SIGDIAL 2009 Conference

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A Syntactic and Lexical-Based Discourse Segmenter
Milan Tofiloski | Julian Brooke | Maite Taboada
Proceedings of the ACL-IJCNLP 2009 Conference Short Papers

2006

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Methods for Creating Semantic Orientation Dictionaries
Maite Taboada | Caroline Anthony | Kimberly Voll
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’06)

We describe and compare different methods for creating a dictionary of words with their corresponding semantic orientation (SO). We tested how well different dictionaries helped determine the SO of entire texts. To extract SO for each individual word, we used a common method based on pointwise mutual information. Mutual information between a set of seed words and the target words was calculated using two different methods: a NEAR search on the search engine Altavista (since discontinued); an AND search on Google. These two dictionaries were tested against a manually annotated dictionary of positive and negative words. The results show that all three methods are quite close, and none of them performs particularly well. We discuss possible further avenues for research, and also point out some potential problems in calculating pointwise mutual information using Google.

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Prosodic Correlates of Rhetorical Relations
Gabriel Murray | Maite Taboada | Steve Renals
Proceedings of the Analyzing Conversations in Text and Speech

1997

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Expanding the Domain of a Multi-lingual Speech-to-Speech Translation System
Alon Lavie | Lori Levin | Puming Zhan | Maite Taboada | Donna Gates | Mirella Lapata | Cortis Clark | Matthew Broadhead | Alex Waibel
Spoken Language Translation

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Improving Translation through Contextual Information
Maite Taboada
35th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics