Koenraad De Smedt

Also published as: Koenraad de Smedt, Koenraad DeSmedt


2020

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The European Language Technology Landscape in 2020: Language-Centric and Human-Centric AI for Cross-Cultural Communication in Multilingual Europe
Georg Rehm | Katrin Marheinecke | Stefanie Hegele | Stelios Piperidis | Kalina Bontcheva | Jan Hajič | Khalid Choukri | Andrejs Vasiļjevs | Gerhard Backfried | Christoph Prinz | José Manuel Gómez-Pérez | Luc Meertens | Paul Lukowicz | Josef van Genabith | Andrea Lösch | Philipp Slusallek | Morten Irgens | Patrick Gatellier | Joachim Köhler | Laure Le Bars | Dimitra Anastasiou | Albina Auksoriūtė | Núria Bel | António Branco | Gerhard Budin | Walter Daelemans | Koenraad De Smedt | Radovan Garabík | Maria Gavriilidou | Dagmar Gromann | Svetla Koeva | Simon Krek | Cvetana Krstev | Krister Lindén | Bernardo Magnini | Jan Odijk | Maciej Ogrodniczuk | Eiríkur Rögnvaldsson | Mike Rosner | Bolette Pedersen | Inguna Skadiņa | Marko Tadić | Dan Tufiș | Tamás Váradi | Kadri Vider | Andy Way | François Yvon
Proceedings of the 12th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

Multilingualism is a cultural cornerstone of Europe and firmly anchored in the European treaties including full language equality. However, language barriers impacting business, cross-lingual and cross-cultural communication are still omnipresent. Language Technologies (LTs) are a powerful means to break down these barriers. While the last decade has seen various initiatives that created a multitude of approaches and technologies tailored to Europe’s specific needs, there is still an immense level of fragmentation. At the same time, AI has become an increasingly important concept in the European Information and Communication Technology area. For a few years now, AI – including many opportunities, synergies but also misconceptions – has been overshadowing every other topic. We present an overview of the European LT landscape, describing funding programmes, activities, actions and challenges in the different countries with regard to LT, including the current state of play in industry and the LT market. We present a brief overview of the main LT-related activities on the EU level in the last ten years and develop strategic guidance with regard to four key dimensions.

2018

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CLARIN: Towards FAIR and Responsible Data Science Using Language Resources
Franciska de Jong | Bente Maegaard | Koenraad De Smedt | Darja Fišer | Dieter Van Uytvanck
Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2018)

2017

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Exploring Treebanks with INESS Search
Victoria Rosén | Helge Dyvik | Paul Meurer | Koenraad De Smedt
Proceedings of the 21st Nordic Conference on Computational Linguistics

2016

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MWEs in Treebanks: From Survey to Guidelines
Victoria Rosén | Koenraad De Smedt | Gyri Smørdal Losnegaard | Eduard Bejček | Agata Savary | Petya Osenova
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'16)

By means of an online survey, we have investigated ways in which various types of multiword expressions are annotated in existing treebanks. The results indicate that there is considerable variation in treatments across treebanks and thereby also, to some extent, across languages and across theoretical frameworks. The comparison is focused on the annotation of light verb constructions and verbal idioms. The survey shows that the light verb constructions either get special annotations as such, or are treated as ordinary verbs, while VP idioms are handled through different strategies. Based on insights from our investigation, we propose some general guidelines for annotating multiword expressions in treebanks. The recommendations address the following application-based needs: distinguishing MWEs from similar but compositional constructions; searching distinct types of MWEs in treebanks; awareness of literal and nonliteral meanings; and normalization of the MWE representation. The cross-lingually and cross-theoretically focused survey is intended as an aid to accessing treebanks and an aid for further work on treebank annotation.

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NorGramBank: A ‘Deep’ Treebank for Norwegian
Helge Dyvik | Paul Meurer | Victoria Rosén | Koenraad De Smedt | Petter Haugereid | Gyri Smørdal Losnegaard | Gunn Inger Lyse | Martha Thunes
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'16)

We present NorGramBank, a treebank for Norwegian with highly detailed LFG analyses. It is one of many treebanks made available through the INESS treebanking infrastructure. NorGramBank was constructed as a parsebank, i.e. by automatically parsing a corpus, using the wide coverage grammar NorGram. One part consisting of 350,000 words has been manually disambiguated using computer-generated discriminants. A larger part of 50 M words has been stochastically disambiguated. The treebank is dynamic: by global reparsing at certain intervals it is kept compatible with the latest versions of the grammar and the lexicon, which are continually further developed in interaction with the annotators. A powerful query language, INESS Search, has been developed for search across formalisms in the INESS treebanks, including LFG c- and f-structures. Evaluation shows that the grammar provides about 85% of randomly selected sentences with good analyses. Agreement among the annotators responsible for manual disambiguation is satisfactory, but also suggests desirable simplifications of the grammar.

2014

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The Strategic Impact of META-NET on the Regional, National and International Level
Georg Rehm | Hans Uszkoreit | Sophia Ananiadou | Núria Bel | Audronė Bielevičienė | Lars Borin | António Branco | Gerhard Budin | Nicoletta Calzolari | Walter Daelemans | Radovan Garabík | Marko Grobelnik | Carmen García-Mateo | Josef van Genabith | Jan Hajič | Inma Hernáez | John Judge | Svetla Koeva | Simon Krek | Cvetana Krstev | Krister Lindén | Bernardo Magnini | Joseph Mariani | John McNaught | Maite Melero | Monica Monachini | Asunción Moreno | Jan Odijk | Maciej Ogrodniczuk | Piotr Pęzik | Stelios Piperidis | Adam Przepiórkowski | Eiríkur Rögnvaldsson | Michael Rosner | Bolette Pedersen | Inguna Skadiņa | Koenraad De Smedt | Marko Tadić | Paul Thompson | Dan Tufiş | Tamás Váradi | Andrejs Vasiļjevs | Kadri Vider | Jolanta Zabarskaite
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

This article provides an overview of the dissemination work carried out in META-NET from 2010 until early 2014; we describe its impact on the regional, national and international level, mainly with regard to politics and the situation of funding for LT topics. This paper documents the initiative’s work throughout Europe in order to boost progress and innovation in our field.

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CLARA: A New Generation of Researchers in Common Language Resources and Their Applications
Koenraad De Smedt | Erhard Hinrichs | Detmar Meurers | Inguna Skadiņa | Bolette Pedersen | Costanza Navarretta | Núria Bel | Krister Lindén | Markéta Lopatková | Jan Hajič | Gisle Andersen | Przemyslaw Lenkiewicz
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

CLARA (Common Language Resources and Their Applications) is a Marie Curie Initial Training Network which ran from 2009 until 2014 with the aim of providing researcher training in crucial areas related to language resources and infrastructure. The scope of the project was broad and included infrastructure design, lexical semantic modeling, domain modeling, multimedia and multimodal communication, applications, and parsing technologies and grammar models. An international consortium of 9 partners and 12 associate partners employed researchers in 19 new positions and organized a training program consisting of 10 thematic courses and summer/winter schools. The project has resulted in new theoretical insights as well as new resources and tools. Most importantly, the project has trained a new generation of researchers who can perform advanced research and development in language resources and technologies.

2013

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Baltic and Nordic Parts of the European Linguistic Infrastructure
Inguna Skadiņa | Andrejs Vasiļjevs | Lars Borin | Krister Lindén | Gyri Losnegaard | Sussi Olsen | Bolette Sandford Pedersen | Roberts Rozis | Koenraad De Smedt
Proceedings of the 19th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics (NODALIDA 2013)

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The INESS Treebanking Infrastructure
Paul Meurer | Helge Dyvik | Victoria Rosén | Koenraad De Smedt | Gunn Inger Lyse | Gyri Smørdal Losnegaard | Martha Thunes
Proceedings of the 19th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics (NODALIDA 2013)

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ParGramBank: The ParGram Parallel Treebank
Sebastian Sulger | Miriam Butt | Tracy Holloway King | Paul Meurer | Tibor Laczkó | György Rákosi | Cheikh Bamba Dione | Helge Dyvik | Victoria Rosén | Koenraad De Smedt | Agnieszka Patejuk | Özlem Çetinoğlu | I Wayan Arka | Meladel Mistica
Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)

2012

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Creation of an Open Shared Language Resource Repository in the Nordic and Baltic Countries
Andrejs Vasiļjevs | Markus Forsberg | Tatiana Gornostay | Dorte Haltrup Hansen | Kristín Jóhannsdóttir | Gunn Lyse | Krister Lindén | Lene Offersgaard | Sussi Olsen | Bolette Pedersen | Eiríkur Rögnvaldsson | Inguna Skadiņa | Koenraad De Smedt | Ville Oksanen | Roberts Rozis
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'12)

The META-NORD project has contributed to an open infrastructure for language resources (data and tools) under the META-NET umbrella. This paper presents the key objectives of META-NORD and reports on the results achieved in the first year of the project. META-NORD has mapped and described the national language technology landscape in the Nordic and Baltic countries in terms of language use, language technology and resources, main actors in the academy, industry, government and society; identified and collected the first batch of language resources in the Nordic and Baltic countries; documented, processed, linked, and upgraded the identified language resources to agreed standards and guidelines. The three horizontal multilingual actions in META-NORD are overviewed in this paper: linking and validating Nordic and Baltic wordnets, the harmonisation of multilingual Nordic and Baltic treebanks, and consolidating multilingual terminology resources across European countries. This paper also touches upon intellectual property rights for the sharing of language resources.

2011

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META-NORD: Towards Sharing of Language Resources in Nordic and Baltic Countries
Inguna Skadiņa | Andrejs Vasiļjevs | Lars Borin | Koenraad De Smedt | Krister Lindén | Eiríkur Rögnvaldsson
Proceedings of the Workshop on Language Resources, Technology and Services in the Sharing Paradigm

2007

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Theoretically Motivated Treebank Coverage
Victoria Rosén | Koenraad de Smedt
Proceedings of the 16th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics (NODALIDA 2007)

2000

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Automatic proofreading for Norwegian: The challenges of lexical and grammatical variation
Koenraad de Smedt | Victoria Rosén
Proceedings of the 12th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics (NODALIDA 1999)

1998

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Teaching and learning computational linguistics in an international setting
Koenraad de Smedt
Proceedings of the 11th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics (NODALIDA 1998)

1992

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Inheritance in Natural Language Processing
Walter Daelemans | Koenraad De Smedt | Gerald Gazdar
Computational Linguistics, Volume 18, Number 2, Special Issue on Inheritance: I

1990

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Tree Adjoining Grammar, Segment Grammar and Incremental Sentence Generation
Gerard Kempen | Koenraad DeSmedt
Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Tree Adjoining Grammar and Related Frameworks (TAG+1)

1988

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Triphone Analysis: A Combined Method for the Correction of Orthographical and Typographical Errors.
Brigitte van Berkel | Koenraad De Smedt
Second Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing

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