Hans Uszkoreit


2019

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Linguistic Evaluation of German-English Machine Translation Using a Test Suite
Eleftherios Avramidis | Vivien Macketanz | Ursula Strohriegel | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Machine Translation (Volume 2: Shared Task Papers, Day 1)

We present the results of the application of a grammatical test suite for German-to-English MT on the systems submitted at WMT19, with a detailed analysis for 107 phenomena organized in 14 categories. The systems still translate wrong one out of four test items in average. Low performance is indicated for idioms, modals, pseudo-clefts, multi-word expressions and verb valency. When compared to last year, there has been a improvement of function words, non verbal agreement and punctuation. More detailed conclusions about particular systems and phenomena are also presented.

2018

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TQ-AutoTest – An Automated Test Suite for (Machine) Translation Quality
Vivien Macketanz | Renlong Ai | Aljoscha Burchardt | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2018)

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Fine-grained evaluation of Quality Estimation for Machine translation based on a linguistically motivated Test Suite
Eleftherios Avramidis | Vivien Macketanz | Arle Lommel | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the AMTA 2018 Workshop on Translation Quality Estimation and Automatic Post-Editing

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Fine-grained evaluation of German-English Machine Translation based on a Test Suite
Vivien Macketanz | Eleftherios Avramidis | Aljoscha Burchardt | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Third Conference on Machine Translation: Shared Task Papers

We present an analysis of 16 state-of-the-art MT systems on German-English based on a linguistically-motivated test suite. The test suite has been devised manually by a team of language professionals in order to cover a broad variety of linguistic phenomena that MT often fails to translate properly. It contains 5,000 test sentences covering 106 linguistic phenomena in 14 categories, with an increased focus on verb tenses, aspects and moods. The MT outputs are evaluated in a semi-automatic way through regular expressions that focus only on the part of the sentence that is relevant to each phenomenon. Through our analysis, we are able to compare systems based on their performance on these categories. Additionally, we reveal strengths and weaknesses of particular systems and we identify grammatical phenomena where the overall performance of MT is relatively low.

2017

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CoNLL 2017 Shared Task: Multilingual Parsing from Raw Text to Universal Dependencies
Daniel Zeman | Martin Popel | Milan Straka | Jan Hajič | Joakim Nivre | Filip Ginter | Juhani Luotolahti | Sampo Pyysalo | Slav Petrov | Martin Potthast | Francis Tyers | Elena Badmaeva | Memduh Gokirmak | Anna Nedoluzhko | Silvie Cinková | Jan Hajič jr. | Jaroslava Hlaváčová | Václava Kettnerová | Zdeňka Urešová | Jenna Kanerva | Stina Ojala | Anna Missilä | Christopher D. Manning | Sebastian Schuster | Siva Reddy | Dima Taji | Nizar Habash | Herman Leung | Marie-Catherine de Marneffe | Manuela Sanguinetti | Maria Simi | Hiroshi Kanayama | Valeria de Paiva | Kira Droganova | Héctor Martínez Alonso | Çağrı Çöltekin | Umut Sulubacak | Hans Uszkoreit | Vivien Macketanz | Aljoscha Burchardt | Kim Harris | Katrin Marheinecke | Georg Rehm | Tolga Kayadelen | Mohammed Attia | Ali Elkahky | Zhuoran Yu | Emily Pitler | Saran Lertpradit | Michael Mandl | Jesse Kirchner | Hector Fernandez Alcalde | Jana Strnadová | Esha Banerjee | Ruli Manurung | Antonio Stella | Atsuko Shimada | Sookyoung Kwak | Gustavo Mendonça | Tatiana Lando | Rattima Nitisaroj | Josie Li
Proceedings of the CoNLL 2017 Shared Task: Multilingual Parsing from Raw Text to Universal Dependencies

The Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning (CoNLL) features a shared task, in which participants train and test their learning systems on the same data sets. In 2017, the task was devoted to learning dependency parsers for a large number of languages, in a real-world setting without any gold-standard annotation on input. All test sets followed a unified annotation scheme, namely that of Universal Dependencies. In this paper, we define the task and evaluation methodology, describe how the data sets were prepared, report and analyze the main results, and provide a brief categorization of the different approaches of the participating systems.

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Common Round: Application of Language Technologies to Large-Scale Web Debates
Hans Uszkoreit | Aleksandra Gabryszak | Leonhard Hennig | Jörg Steffen | Renlong Ai | Stephan Busemann | Jon Dehdari | Josef van Genabith | Georg Heigold | Nils Rethmeier | Raphael Rubino | Sven Schmeier | Philippe Thomas | He Wang | Feiyu Xu
Proceedings of the Software Demonstrations of the 15th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics

Web debates play an important role in enabling broad participation of constituencies in social, political and economic decision-taking. However, it is challenging to organize, structure, and navigate a vast number of diverse argumentations and comments collected from many participants over a long time period. In this paper we demonstrate Common Round, a next generation platform for large-scale web debates, which provides functions for eliciting the semantic content and structures from the contributions of participants. In particular, Common Round applies language technologies for the extraction of semantic essence from textual input, aggregation of the formulated opinions and arguments. The platform also provides a cross-lingual access to debates using machine translation.

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Generating Pattern-Based Entailment Graphs for Relation Extraction
Kathrin Eichler | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Sebastian Krause
Proceedings of the 6th Joint Conference on Lexical and Computational Semantics (*SEM 2017)

Relation extraction is the task of recognizing and extracting relations between entities or concepts in texts. A common approach is to exploit existing knowledge to learn linguistic patterns expressing the target relation and use these patterns for extracting new relation mentions. Deriving relation patterns automatically usually results in large numbers of candidates, which need to be filtered to derive a subset of patterns that reliably extract correct relation mentions. We address the pattern selection task by exploiting the knowledge represented by entailment graphs, which capture semantic relationships holding among the learned pattern candidates. This is motivated by the fact that a pattern may not express the target relation explicitly, but still be useful for extracting instances for which the relation holds, because its meaning entails the meaning of the target relation. We evaluate the usage of both automatically generated and gold-standard entailment graphs in a relation extraction scenario and present favorable experimental results, exhibiting the benefits of structuring and selecting patterns based on entailment graphs.

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Annotation of Entities and Relations in Spanish Radiology Reports
Viviana Cotik | Darío Filippo | Roland Roller | Hans Uszkoreit | Feiyu Xu
Proceedings of the International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, RANLP 2017

Radiology reports express the results of a radiology study and contain information about anatomical entities, findings, measures and impressions of the medical doctor. The use of information extraction techniques can help physicians to access this information in order to understand data and to infer further knowledge. Supervised machine learning methods are very popular to address information extraction, but are usually domain and language dependent. To train new classification models, annotated data is required. Moreover, annotated data is also required as an evaluation resource of information extraction algorithms. However, one major drawback of processing clinical data is the low availability of annotated datasets. For this reason we performed a manual annotation of radiology reports written in Spanish. This paper presents the corpus, the annotation schema, the annotation guidelines and further insight of the data.

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Word Embeddings as Features for Supervised Coreference Resolution
Iliana Simova | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, RANLP 2017

A common reason for errors in coreference resolution is the lack of semantic information to help determine the compatibility between mentions referring to the same entity. Distributed representations, which have been shown successful in encoding relatedness between words, could potentially be a good source of such knowledge. Moreover, being obtained in an unsupervised manner, they could help address data sparsity issues in labeled training data at a small cost. In this work we investigate whether and to what extend features derived from word embeddings can be successfully used for supervised coreference resolution. We experiment with several word embedding models, and several different types of embeddingbased features, including embedding cluster and cosine similarity-based features. Our evaluations show improvements in the performance of a supervised state-of-theart coreference system.

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Streaming Text Analytics for Real-Time Event Recognition
Philippe Thomas | Johannes Kirschnick | Leonhard Hennig | Renlong Ai | Sven Schmeier | Holmer Hemsen | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, RANLP 2017

A huge body of continuously growing written knowledge is available on the web in the form of social media posts, RSS feeds, and news articles. Real-time information extraction from such high velocity, high volume text streams requires scalable, distributed natural language processing pipelines. We introduce such a system for fine-grained event recognition within the big data framework Flink, and demonstrate its capabilities for extracting and geo-locating mobility- and industry-related events from heterogeneous text sources. Performance analyses conducted on several large datasets show that our system achieves high throughput and maintains low latency, which is crucial when events need to be detected and acted upon in real-time. We also present promising experimental results for the event extraction component of our system, which recognizes a novel set of event types. The demo system is available at http://dfki.de/sd4m-sta-demo/.

2016

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Relation- and Phrase-level Linking of FrameNet with Sar-graphs
Aleksandra Gabryszak | Sebastian Krause | Leonhard Hennig | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'16)

Recent research shows the importance of linking linguistic knowledge resources for the creation of large-scale linguistic data. We describe our approach for combining two English resources, FrameNet and sar-graphs, and illustrate the benefits of the linked data in a relation extraction setting. While FrameNet consists of schematic representations of situations, linked to lexemes and their valency patterns, sar-graphs are knowledge resources that connect semantic relations from factual knowledge graphs to the linguistic phrases used to express instances of these relations. We analyze the conceptual similarities and differences of both resources and propose to link sar-graphs and FrameNet on the levels of relations/frames as well as phrases. The former alignment involves a manual ontology mapping step, which allows us to extend sar-graphs with new phrase patterns from FrameNet. The phrase-level linking, on the other hand, is fully automatic. We investigate the quality of the automatically constructed links and identify two main classes of errors.

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TEG-REP: A corpus of Textual Entailment Graphs based on Relation Extraction Patterns
Kathrin Eichler | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Leonhard Hennig | Sebastian Krause
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'16)

The task of relation extraction is to recognize and extract relations between entities or concepts in texts. Dependency parse trees have become a popular source for discovering extraction patterns, which encode the grammatical relations among the phrases that jointly express relation instances. State-of-the-art weakly supervised approaches to relation extraction typically extract thousands of unique patterns only potentially expressing the target relation. Among these patterns, some are semantically equivalent, but differ in their morphological, lexical-semantic or syntactic form. Some express a relation that entails the target relation. We propose a new approach to structuring extraction patterns by utilizing entailment graphs, hierarchical structures representing entailment relations, and present a novel resource of gold-standard entailment graphs based on a set of patterns automatically acquired using distant supervision. We describe the methodology used for creating the dataset and present statistics of the resource as well as an analysis of inference types underlying the entailment decisions.

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AMR Parsing with an Incremental Joint Model
Junsheng Zhou | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Weiguang Qu | Ran Li | Yanhui Gu
Proceedings of the 2016 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

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Event Linking with Sentential Features from Convolutional Neural Networks
Sebastian Krause | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Dirk Weissenborn
Proceedings of The 20th SIGNLL Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning

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Real-Time Discovery and Geospatial Visualization of Mobility and Industry Events from Large-Scale, Heterogeneous Data Streams
Leonhard Hennig | Philippe Thomas | Renlong Ai | Johannes Kirschnick | He Wang | Jakob Pannier | Nora Zimmermann | Sven Schmeier | Feiyu Xu | Jan Ostwald | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of ACL-2016 System Demonstrations

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A fine-grained corpus annotation schema of German nephrology records
Roland Roller | Hans Uszkoreit | Feiyu Xu | Laura Seiffe | Michael Mikhailov | Oliver Staeck | Klemens Budde | Fabian Halleck | Danilo Schmidt
Proceedings of the Clinical Natural Language Processing Workshop (ClinicalNLP)

In this work we present a fine-grained annotation schema to detect named entities in German clinical data of chronically ill patients with kidney diseases. The annotation schema is driven by the needs of our clinical partners and the linguistic aspects of German language. In order to generate annotations within a short period, the work also presents a semi-automatic annotation which uses additional sources of knowledge such as UMLS, to pre-annotate concepts in advance. The presented schema will be used to apply novel techniques from natural language processing and machine learning to support doctors treating their patients by improved information access from unstructured German texts.

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Negation Detection in Clinical Reports Written in German
Viviana Cotik | Roland Roller | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Klemens Budde | Danilo Schmidt
Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on Building and Evaluating Resources for Biomedical Text Mining (BioTxtM2016)

An important subtask in clinical text mining tries to identify whether a clinical finding is expressed as present, absent or unsure in a text. This work presents a system for detecting mentions of clinical findings that are negated or just speculated. The system has been applied to two different types of German clinical texts: clinical notes and discharge summaries. Our approach is built on top of NegEx, a well known algorithm for identifying non-factive mentions of medical findings. In this work, we adjust a previous adaptation of NegEx to German and evaluate the system on our data to detect negation and speculation. The results are compared to a baseline algorithm and are analyzed for both types of clinical documents. Our system achieves an F1-Score above 0.9 on both types of reports.

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Deeper Machine Translation and Evaluation for German
Eleftherios Avramidis | Vivien Macketanz | Aljoscha Burchardt | Jindrich Helcl | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 2nd Deep Machine Translation Workshop

2015

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Sar-graphs: A Linked Linguistic Knowledge Resource Connecting Facts with Language
Sebastian Krause | Leonhard Hennig | Aleksandra Gabryszak | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Linked Data in Linguistics: Resources and Applications

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Semi-automatic Generation of Multiple-Choice Tests from Mentions of Semantic Relations
Renlong Ai | Sebastian Krause | Walter Kasper | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Natural Language Processing Techniques for Educational Applications

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Towards Deeper MT - A Hybrid System for German
Eleftherios Avramidis | Aljoscha Burchardt | Maja Popović | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 1st Deep Machine Translation Workshop

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Multi-Objective Optimization for the Joint Disambiguation of Nouns and Named Entities
Dirk Weissenborn | Leonhard Hennig | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 7th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (Volume 1: Long Papers)

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A Web-based Collaborative Evaluation Tool for Automatically Learned Relation Extraction Patterns
Leonhard Hennig | Hong Li | Sebastian Krause | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of ACL-IJCNLP 2015 System Demonstrations

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DFKI: Multi-objective Optimization for the Joint Disambiguation of Entities and Nouns & Deep Verb Sense Disambiguation
Dirk Weissenborn | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation (SemEval 2015)

2014

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Analytical Approaches to Combining MT Technologies
Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Hybrid Approaches to Machine Translation (HyTra)

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Using a new analytic measure for the annotation and analysis of MT errors on real data
Arle Lommel | Aljoscha Burchardt | Maja Popović | Kim Harris | Eleftherios Avramidis | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 17th Annual conference of the European Association for Machine Translation

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Relations between different types of post-editing operations, cognitive effort and temporal effort
Maja Popović | Arle Lommel | Aljoscha Burchardt | Eleftherios Avramidis | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 17th Annual conference of the European Association for Machine Translation

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Information Extraction from German Patient Records via Hybrid Parsing and Relation Extraction Strategies
Hans-Ulrich Krieger | Christian Spurk | Hans Uszkoreit | Feiyu Xu | Yi Zhang | Frank Müller | Thomas Tolxdorff
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

In this paper, we report on first attempts and findings to analyzing German patient records, using a hybrid parsing architecture and a combination of two relation extraction strategies. On a practical level, we are interested in the extraction of concepts and relations among those concepts, a necessary cornerstone for building medical information systems. The parsing pipeline consists of a morphological analyzer, a robust chunk parser adapted to Latin phrases used in medical diagnosis, a repair rule stage, and a probabilistic context-free parser that respects the output from the chunker. The relation extraction stage is a combination of two systems: SProUT, a shallow processor which uses hand-written rules to discover relation instances from local text units and DARE which extracts relation instances from complete sentences, using rules that are learned in a bootstrapping process, starting with semantic seeds. Two small experiments have been carried out for the parsing pipeline and the relation extraction stage.

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Annotating Relation Mentions in Tabloid Press
Hong Li | Sebastian Krause | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Robert Hummel | Veselina Mironova
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

This paper presents a new resource for the training and evaluation needed by relation extraction experiments. The corpus consists of annotations of mentions for three semantic relations: marriage, parent―child, siblings, selected from the domain of biographic facts about persons and their social relationships. The corpus contains more than one hundred news articles from Tabloid Press. In the current corpus, we only consider the relation mentions occurring in the individual sentences. We provide multi-level annotations which specify the marked facts from relation, argument, entity, down to the token level, thus allowing for detailed analysis of linguistic phenomena and their interactions. A generic markup tool Recon developed at the DFKI LT lab has been utilised for the annotation task. The corpus has been annotated by two human experts, supported by additional conflict resolution conducted by a third expert. As shown in the evaluation, the annotation is of high quality as proved by the stated inter-annotator agreements both on sentence level and on relationmention level. The current corpus is already in active use in our research for evaluation of the relation extraction performance of our automatically learned extraction patterns.

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The tara corpus of human-annotated machine translations
Eleftherios Avramidis | Aljoscha Burchardt | Sabine Hunsicker | Maja Popović | Cindy Tscherwinka | David Vilar | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

Human translators are the key to evaluating machine translation (MT) quality and also to addressing the so far unanswered question when and how to use MT in professional translation workflows. This paper describes the corpus developed as a result of a detailed large scale human evaluation consisting of three tightly connected tasks: ranking, error classification and post-editing.

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The Strategic Impact of META-NET on the Regional, National and International Level
Georg Rehm | Hans Uszkoreit | Sophia Ananiadou | Núria Bel | Audronė Bielevičienė | Lars Borin | António Branco | Gerhard Budin | Nicoletta Calzolari | Walter Daelemans | Radovan Garabík | Marko Grobelnik | Carmen García-Mateo | Josef van Genabith | Jan Hajič | Inma Hernáez | John Judge | Svetla Koeva | Simon Krek | Cvetana Krstev | Krister Lindén | Bernardo Magnini | Joseph Mariani | John McNaught | Maite Melero | Monica Monachini | Asunción Moreno | Jan Odijk | Maciej Ogrodniczuk | Piotr Pęzik | Stelios Piperidis | Adam Przepiórkowski | Eiríkur Rögnvaldsson | Michael Rosner | Bolette Pedersen | Inguna Skadiņa | Koenraad De Smedt | Marko Tadić | Paul Thompson | Dan Tufiş | Tamás Váradi | Andrejs Vasiļjevs | Kadri Vider | Jolanta Zabarskaite
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

This article provides an overview of the dissemination work carried out in META-NET from 2010 until early 2014; we describe its impact on the regional, national and international level, mainly with regard to politics and the situation of funding for LT topics. This paper documents the initiative’s work throughout Europe in order to boost progress and innovation in our field.

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Sprinter: Language Technologies for Interactive and Multimedia Language Learning
Renlong Ai | Marcela Charfuelan | Walter Kasper | Tina Klüwer | Hans Uszkoreit | Feiyu Xu | Sandra Gasber | Philip Gienandt
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

Modern language learning courses are no longer exclusively based on books or face-to-face lectures. More and more lessons make use of multimedia and personalized learning methods. Many of these are based on e-learning solutions. Learning via the Internet provides 7/24 services that require sizeable human resources. Therefore we witness a growing economic pressure to employ computer-assisted methods for improving language learning in quality, efficiency and scalability. In this paper, we will address three applications of language technologies for language learning: 1) Methods and strategies for pronunciation training in second language learning, e.g., multimodal feedback via visualization of sound features, speech verification and prosody transplantation; 2) Dialogue-based language learning games; 3) Application of parsing and generation technologies to the automatic generation of paraphrases for the semi-automatic production of learning material.

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Language Resources and Annotation Tools for Cross-Sentence Relation Extraction
Sebastian Krause | Hong Li | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Robert Hummel | Luise Spielhagen
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

In this paper, we present a novel combination of two types of language resources dedicated to the detection of relevant relations (RE) such as events or facts across sentence boundaries. One of the two resources is the sar-graph, which aggregates for each target relation ten thousands of linguistic patterns of semantically associated relations that signal instances of the target relation (Uszkoreit and Xu, 2013). These have been learned from the Web by intra-sentence pattern extraction (Krause et al., 2012) and after semantic filtering and enriching have been automatically combined into a single graph. The other resource is cockrACE, a specially annotated corpus for the training and evaluation of cross-sentence RE. By employing our powerful annotation tool Recon, annotators mark selected entities and relations (including events), coreference relations among these entities and events, and also terms that are semantically related to the relevant relations and events. This paper describes how the two resources are created and how they complement each other.

2012

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Quality Translation for a Multilingual Continent - Priorities and Chances for European MT Research
Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Joint Conference JEP-TALN-RECITAL 2012, volume 4: Invited Conferences

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Capturing Paradigmatic and Syntagmatic Lexical Relations: Towards Accurate Chinese Part-of-Speech Tagging
Weiwei Sun | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 50th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)

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Evaluation of the KomParse Conversational Non-Player Characters in a Commercial Virtual World
Tina Kluewer | Feiyu Xu | Peter Adolphs | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'12)

The paper describes the evaluation of the KomParse system. KomParse is a dialogue system embedded in a 3-D massive multiplayer online game, allowing conversations between non player characters (NPCs) and game users. In a field test with game users, the system was evaluated with respect to acceptability and usability of the overall system as well as task completion, dialogue control and efficiency of three conversational tasks. Furthermore, subjective feedback has been collected for evaluating the single communication components of the system such as natural language understanding. The results are very satisfying and promising. In general, both the usability and acceptability tests show that the tested NPC is useful and well-accepted by the users. Even if the NPC does not always understand the users well and expresses things unexpected, he could still provide appropriate responses to help users to solve their problems or entertain them.

2011

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Minimally Supervised Rule Learning for the Extraction of Biographic Information from Various Social Domains
Hong Li | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing 2011

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META-DARE: Monitoring the Minimally Supervised ML of Relation Extraction Rules
Hong Li | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing 2011

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TechWatchTool: Innovation and Trend Monitoring
Hong Li | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing 2011

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DFKI Hybrid Machine Translation System for WMT 2011 - On the Integration of SMT and RBMT
Jia Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Casey Kennington | David Vilar | Xiaojun Zhang
Proceedings of the Sixth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation

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Minimally Supervised Domain-Adaptive Parse Reranking for Relation Extraction
Feiyu Xu | Hong Li | Yi Zhang | Hans Uszkoreit | Sebastian Krause
Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Parsing Technologies

2010

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Further Experiments with Shallow Hybrid MT Systems
Christian Federmann | Andreas Eisele | Yu Chen | Sabine Hunsicker | Jia Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Joint Fifth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation and MetricsMATR

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Using Syntactic and Semantic based Relations for Dialogue Act Recognition
Tina Klüwer | Hans Uszkoreit | Feiyu Xu
Coling 2010: Posters

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Boosting Relation Extraction with Limited Closed-World Knowledge
Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Sebastian Krause | Hong Li
Coling 2010: Posters

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Talking NPCs in a Virtual Game World
Tina Klüwer | Peter Adolphs | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Xiwen Cheng
Proceedings of the ACL 2010 System Demonstrations

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Question Answering Biographic Information and Social Network Powered by the Semantic Web
Peter Adolphs | Xiwen Cheng | Tina Klüwer | Hans Uszkoreit | Feiyu Xu
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'10)

After several years of development, the vision of the Semantic Web is gradually becoming reality. Large data repositories have been created and offer semantic information in a machine-processable form for various domains. Semantic Web data can be published on the Web, gathered automatically, and reasoned about. All these developments open interesting perspectives for building a new class of domain-specific, broad-coverage information systems that overcome a long-standing bottleneck of AI systems, the notoriously incomplete knowledge base. We present a system that shows how the wealth of information in the Semantic Web can be interfaced with humans once again, using natural language for querying and answering rather than technical formalisms. Whereas current Question Answering systems typically select snippets from Web documents retrieved by a search engine, we utilize Semantic Web data, which allows us to provide natural-language answers that are tailored to the current dialog context. Furthermore, we show how to use natural language processing technologies to acquire new data and enrich existing data in a Semantic Web framework. Our system has acquired a rich biographic data resource by combining existing Semantic Web resources, which are discovered from semi-structured textual data in Web pages, with information extracted from free natural language texts.

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LT World: Ontology and Reference Information Portal
Brigitte Jörg | Hans Uszkoreit | Alastair Burt
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'10)

LT World (www.lt-world.org) is an ontology-driven web portal aimed at serving the global language technology community. Ontology-driven means, that the system is driven by an ontological schema to manage the research information and knowledge life-cycles: identify relevant concepts of information, structure and formalize them, assign relationships, functions and views, add states and rules, modify them. For modelling such a complex structure, we employ (i) concepts from the research domain, such as person, organisation, project, tool, data, patent, news, event (ii) concepts from the LT domain, such as technology and resource (iii) concepts from closely related domains, such as language, linguistics, and mathematics. Whereas the research entities represent the general context, that is, a research environment as such, the LT entities define the information and knowledge space of the field, enhanced by entities from closely related areas. By managing information holistically ― that is, within a research context ― its inherent semantics becomes much more transparent. This paper introduces LT World as a reference information portal through ontological eyes: its content, its system, its method for maintaining knowledge-rich items, its ontology as an asset.

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Determining the Origin and Structure of Person Names
Yu Fu | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'10)

This paper presents a novel system HENNA (Hybrid Person Name Analyzer) for identifying language origin and analyzing linguistic structures of person names. We conduct ME-based classification methods for the language origin identification and achieve very promising performance. We will show that word-internal character sequences provide surprisingly strong evidence for predicting the language origin of person names. Our approach is context-, language- and domain-independent and can thus be easily adapted to person names in or from other languages. Furthermore, we provide a novel strategy to handle origin ambiguities or multiple origins in a name. HENNA also provides a person name parser for the analysis of linguistic and knowledge structures of person names. All the knowledge about a person name in HENNA is modelled in a person-name ontology, including relationships between language origins, linguistic features and grammars of person names of a specific language and interpretation of name elements. The approaches presented here are useful extensions of the named entity recognition task.

2009

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Linguistics in Computational Linguistics: Observations and Predictions
Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the EACL 2009 Workshop on the Interaction between Linguistics and Computational Linguistics: Virtuous, Vicious or Vacuous?

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Combining Multi-Engine Translations with Moses
Yu Chen | Michael Jellinghaus | Andreas Eisele | Yi Zhang | Sabine Hunsicker | Silke Theison | Christian Federmann | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation

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Translation Combination using Factored Word Substitution
Christian Federmann | Silke Theison | Andreas Eisele | Hans Uszkoreit | Yu Chen | Michael Jellinghaus | Sabine Hunsicker
Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation

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Gossip Galore – A Self-Learning Agent for Exchanging Pop Trivia
Xiwen Cheng | Peter Adolphs | Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Hong Li
Proceedings of the Demonstrations Session at EACL 2009

2008

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Extracting and Querying Relations in Scientific Papers on Language Technology
Ulrich Schäfer | Hans Uszkoreit | Christian Federmann | Torsten Marek | Yajing Zhang
Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'08)

We describe methods for extracting interesting factual relations from scientific texts in computational linguistics and language technology taken from the ACL Anthology. We use a hybrid NLP architecture with shallow preprocessing for increased robustness and domain-specific, ontology-based named entity recognition, followed by a deep HPSG parser running the English Resource Grammar (ERG). The extracted relations in the MRS (minimal recursion semantics) format are simplified and generalized using WordNet. The resulting “quriples” are stored in a database from where they can be retrieved (again using abstraction methods) by relation-based search. The query interface is embedded in a web browser-based application we call the Scientist’s Workbench. It supports researchers in editing and online-searching scientific papers.

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Adaptation of Relation Extraction Rules to New Domains
Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Hong Li | Niko Felger
Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'08)

This paper presents various strategies for improving the extraction performance of less prominent relations with the help of the rules learned for similar relations, for which large volumes of data are available that exhibit suitable data properties. The rules are learned via a minimally supervised machine learning system for relation extraction called DARE. Starting from semantic seeds, DARE extracts linguistic grammar rules associated with semantic roles from parsed news texts. The performance analysis with respect to different experiment domains shows that the data property plays an important role for DARE. Especially the redundancy of the data and the connectivity of instances and pattern rules have a strong influence on recall. However, most real-world data sets do not possess the desirable small-world property. Therefore, we propose three scenarios to overcome the data property problem of some domains by exploiting a similar domain with better data properties. The first two strategies stay with the same corpus but try to extract new similar relations with learned rules. The third strategy adapts the learned rules to a new corpus. All three strategies show that frequently mentioned relations can help in the detection of less frequent relations.

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Hybrid Learning of Dependency Structures from Heterogeneous Linguistic Resources
Yi Zhang | Rui Wang | Hans Uszkoreit
CoNLL 2008: Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning

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Hybrid machine translation architectures within and beyond the EuroMatrix project
Andreas Eisele | Christian Federmann | Hans Uszkoreit | Hervé Saint-Amand | Martin Kay | Michael Jellinghaus | Sabine Hunsicker | Teresa Herrmann | Yu Chen
Proceedings of the 12th Annual conference of the European Association for Machine Translation

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Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling 2008)
Donia Scott | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling 2008)

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Coling 2008: Companion volume: Posters
Donia Scott | Hans Uszkoreit
Coling 2008: Companion volume: Posters

2007

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A Seed-driven Bottom-up Machine Learning Framework for Extracting Relations of Various Complexity
Feiyu Xu | Hans Uszkoreit | Hong Li
Proceedings of the 45th Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics

2006

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Chinese Named Entity and Relation Identification System
Tianfang Yao | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the COLING/ACL 2006 Interactive Presentation Sessions

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The pragmatic combination of different crosslingual resources
Hans Uszkoreit | Feiyu Xu | Jörg Steffen | Ilhan Aslan
Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’06)

We will describe new cross-lingual strategies for the development multilingual information services on mobile devices. The novelty of our approach is the intelligent modeling of cross-lingual application domains and the combination of textual translation with speech generation. The final system helps users to speak foreign languages and communicate with the local people in relevant situations, such as restaurant, taxi and emergencies. The advantage of our information services is that they are robust enough for the use in real-world situations. They are developed for the Beijing Olympic Games 2008, where most foreigners will have to rely on translation assistance. Their deployment is foreseen as part of the planned ubiquitous mobile information system of the Olympic Games.

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Contextual phenomena and thematic relations in database QA dialogues: results from a Wizard-of-Oz Experiment
Núria Bertomeu | Hans Uszkoreit | Anette Frank | Hans-Ulrich Krieger | Brigitte Jörg
Proceedings of the Interactive Question Answering Workshop at HLT-NAACL 2006

2005

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Language Technology from a European Perspective
Hans Uszkoreit | Valia Kordoni | Vladislav Kubon | Michael Rosner | Sabine Kirchmeier-Andersen
Proceedings of the Second ACL Workshop on Effective Tools and Methodologies for Teaching NLP and CL

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A Novel Machine Learning Approach for the Identification of Named Entity Relations
Tianfang Yao | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the ACL Workshop on Feature Engineering for Machine Learning in Natural Language Processing

2004

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Strategic Directions of National and International Research Funding
Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’04)

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The MULI Project: Annotation and Analysis of Information Structure in German and English
Stefan Baumann | Caren Brinckmann | Silvia Hansen-Schirra | Geert-Jan Kruijff | Ivana Kruijff-Korbayová | Stella Neumann | Erich Steiner | Elke Teich | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’04)

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Evaluation Resources for Concept-based Cross-Lingual Information Retrieval in the Medical Domain
Paul Buitelaar | Diana Steffen | Martin Volk | Dominic Widdows | Bogdan Sacaleanu | Špela Vintar | Stanley Peters | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’04)

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Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Linguistically Interpreted Corpora
Silvia Hansen-Schirra | Stephan Oepen | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Linguistically Interpreted Corpora

2003

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Integrating Information Extraction and Automatic Hyperlinking
Stephan Busemann | Witold Drozdzynski | Hans-Ulrich Krieger | Jakub Piskorski | Ulrich Schaefer | Hans Uszkoreit | Feiyu Xu
The Companion Volume to the Proceedings of 41st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

2002

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An Integrated Archictecture for Shallow and Deep Processing
Berthold Crysmann | Anette Frank | Bernd Kiefer | Stefan Mueller | Guenter Neumann | Jakub Piskorski | Ulrich Schaefer | Melanie Siegel | Hans Uszkoreit | Feiyu Xu | Markus Becker | Hans-Ulrich Krieger
Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

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The Open Language Archives Community
Steven Bird | Hans Uszkoreit | Gary Simons
Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’02)

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COLLATE: Competence Center in Speech and Language Technology
Joanne Capstick | Hans Uszkoreit | Wolfgang Wahlster | Thierry Declerck | Gregor Erbach | Anthony Jameson | Brigitte Jorg | Reinhard Karger | Tillmann Wegst
Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’02)

2001

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Crosslingual Language Technologies for Knowledge Creation and Knowledge Sharing (invited talk)
Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the ACL 2001 Workshop on Human Language Technology and Knowledge Management

2000

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The New Edition of the Natural Language Software Registry (an Initiative of ACL hosted at DFKI)
Thierry Declerck | Alexander Werner Jachmann | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’00)

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An ontology of systematic relations for a shared grammar of Slavic
Tania Avgustinova | Hans Uszkoreit
COLING 2000 Volume 1: The 18th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

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Proceedings of the COLING-2000 Workshop on Linguistically Interpreted Corpora
Anne Abeille | Thorsten Brants | Hans Uszkoreit
Proceedings of the COLING-2000 Workshop on Linguistically Interpreted Corpora

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Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on Parsing Technologies

1997

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An Annotation Scheme for Free Word Order Languages
Wojciech Skut | Brigitte Krenn | Thorsten Brants | Hans Uszkoreit
Fifth Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing

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Software for Annotating Argument Structure
Wojciech Skut | Brigitte Krenn | Thorsten Brants | Hans Uszkoreit
Fifth Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing: Descriptions of System Demonstrations and Videos

1994

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DISCO-An HPSG-based NLP System and its Application for Appointment Scheduling Project Note
Hans Uszkoreit | Rolf Backofen | Stephan Busemann | Abdel Kader Diagne | Elizabeth A. Hinkelman | Walter Kasper | Bernd Kiefer | Hans-Ulrich Krieger | Klaus Netter | Gunter Neumann | Stephan Oepen | Stephen P. Spackman
COLING 1994 Volume 1: The 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

1992

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Handling Linear Precedence Constraints by Unification
Judith Engelkamp | Gregor Erbach | Hans Uszkoreit
30th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

1991

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Strategies for Adding Control Information to Declarative Grammars
Hans Uszkoreit
29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

1986

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Categorial Unification Grammars
Hans Uszkoreit
Coling 1986 Volume 1: The 11th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

1983

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Formal Constraints on Metarules
Stuart M. Shieber | Swan U. Stucky | Hans Uszkoreit | Jane J. Robinson
21st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

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A Framework for Processing Partially Free Word Order
Hans Uszkoreit
21st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

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