Franck Burlot


2019

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Lingua Custodia at WMT’19: Attempts to Control Terminology
Franck Burlot
Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Machine Translation (Volume 2: Shared Task Papers, Day 1)

This paper describes Lingua Custodia’s submission to the WMT’19 news shared task for German-to-French on the topic of the EU elections. We report experiments on the adaptation of the terminology of a machine translation system to a specific topic, aimed at providing more accurate translations of specific entities like political parties and person names, given that the shared task provided no in-domain training parallel data dealing with the restricted topic. Our primary submission to the shared task uses backtranslation generated with a type of decoding allowing the insertion of constraints in the output in order to guarantee the correct translation of specific terms that are not necessarily observed in the data.

2018

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Using Monolingual Data in Neural Machine Translation: a Systematic Study
Franck Burlot | François Yvon
Proceedings of the Third Conference on Machine Translation: Research Papers

Neural Machine Translation (MT) has radically changed the way systems are developed. A major difference with the previous generation (Phrase-Based MT) is the way monolingual target data, which often abounds, is used in these two paradigms. While Phrase-Based MT can seamlessly integrate very large language models trained on billions of sentences, the best option for Neural MT developers seems to be the generation of artificial parallel data through back-translation - a technique that fails to fully take advantage of existing datasets. In this paper, we conduct a systematic study of back-translation, comparing alternative uses of monolingual data, as well as multiple data generation procedures. Our findings confirm that back-translation is very effective and give new explanations as to why this is the case. We also introduce new data simulation techniques that are almost as effective, yet much cheaper to implement.

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The WMT’18 Morpheval test suites for English-Czech, English-German, English-Finnish and Turkish-English
Franck Burlot | Yves Scherrer | Vinit Ravishankar | Ondřej Bojar | Stig-Arne Grönroos | Maarit Koponen | Tommi Nieminen | François Yvon
Proceedings of the Third Conference on Machine Translation: Shared Task Papers

Progress in the quality of machine translation output calls for new automatic evaluation procedures and metrics. In this paper, we extend the Morpheval protocol introduced by Burlot and Yvon (2017) for the English-to-Czech and English-to-Latvian translation directions to three additional language pairs, and report its use to analyze the results of WMT 2018’s participants for these language pairs. Considering additional, typologically varied source and target languages also enables us to draw some generalizations regarding this morphology-oriented evaluation procedure.

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Évaluation morphologique pour la traduction automatique : adaptation au français (Morphological Evaluation for Machine Translation : Adaptation to French)
Franck Burlot | François Yvon
Actes de la Conférence TALN. Volume 1 - Articles longs, articles courts de TALN

Le nouvel état de l’art en traduction automatique (TA) s’appuie sur des méthodes neuronales, qui différent profondément des méthodes utilisées antérieurement. Les métriques automatiques classiques sont mal adaptées pour rendre compte de la nature du saut qualitatif observé. Cet article propose un protocole d’évaluation pour la traduction de l’anglais vers le français spécifiquement focalisé sur la compétence morphologique des systèmes de TA, en étudiant leurs performances sur différents phénomènes grammaticaux.

2017

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Normalisation automatique du vocabulaire source pour traduire depuis une langue à morphologie riche (Learning Morphological Normalization for Translation from Morphologically Rich Languages)
Franck Burlot | François Yvon
Actes des 24ème Conférence sur le Traitement Automatique des Langues Naturelles. Volume 1 - Articles longs

Lorsqu’ils sont traduits depuis une langue à morphologie riche vers l’anglais, les mots-formes sources contiennent des marques d’informations grammaticales pouvant être jugées redondantes par rapport à l’anglais, causant une variabilité formelle qui nuit à l’estimation des modèles probabilistes. Un moyen bien documenté pour atténuer ce problème consiste à supprimer l’information non pertinente de la source en la normalisant. Ce pré-traitement est généralement effectué de manière déterministe, à l’aide de règles produites manuellement. Une telle normalisation est, par essence, sous-optimale et doit être adaptée pour chaque paire de langues. Nous présentons, dans cet article, une méthode simple pour rechercher automatiquement une normalisation optimale de la morphologie source par rapport à la langue cible et montrons que celle-ci peut améliorer la traduction automatique.

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Word Representations in Factored Neural Machine Translation
Franck Burlot | Mercedes García-Martínez | Loïc Barrault | Fethi Bougares | François Yvon
Proceedings of the Second Conference on Machine Translation

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Evaluating the morphological competence of Machine Translation Systems
Franck Burlot | François Yvon
Proceedings of the Second Conference on Machine Translation

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LIMSI@WMT’17
Franck Burlot | Pooyan Safari | Matthieu Labeau | Alexandre Allauzen | François Yvon
Proceedings of the Second Conference on Machine Translation

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The QT21 Combined Machine Translation System for English to Latvian
Jan-Thorsten Peter | Hermann Ney | Ondřej Bojar | Ngoc-Quan Pham | Jan Niehues | Alex Waibel | Franck Burlot | François Yvon | Mārcis Pinnis | Valters Šics | Jasmijn Bastings | Miguel Rios | Wilker Aziz | Philip Williams | Frédéric Blain | Lucia Specia
Proceedings of the Second Conference on Machine Translation

2016

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LIMSI@WMT’16: Machine Translation of News
Alexandre Allauzen | Lauriane Aufrant | Franck Burlot | Ophélie Lacroix | Elena Knyazeva | Thomas Lavergne | Guillaume Wisniewski | François Yvon
Proceedings of the First Conference on Machine Translation: Volume 2, Shared Task Papers

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The QT21/HimL Combined Machine Translation System
Jan-Thorsten Peter | Tamer Alkhouli | Hermann Ney | Matthias Huck | Fabienne Braune | Alexander Fraser | Aleš Tamchyna | Ondřej Bojar | Barry Haddow | Rico Sennrich | Frédéric Blain | Lucia Specia | Jan Niehues | Alex Waibel | Alexandre Allauzen | Lauriane Aufrant | Franck Burlot | Elena Knyazeva | Thomas Lavergne | François Yvon | Mārcis Pinnis | Stella Frank
Proceedings of the First Conference on Machine Translation: Volume 2, Shared Task Papers

2015

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LIMSI@WMT’15 : Translation Task
Benjamin Marie | Alexandre Allauzen | Franck Burlot | Quoc-Khanh Do | Julia Ive | Elena Knyazeva | Matthieu Labeau | Thomas Lavergne | Kevin Löser | Nicolas Pécheux | François Yvon
Proceedings of the Tenth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation