E. Dario Gutierrez

Also published as: Elkin Darío Gutiérrez, E. Darío Gutiérrez


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Multilingual Metaphor Processing: Experiments with Semi-Supervised and Unsupervised Learning
Ekaterina Shutova | Lin Sun | Elkin Darío Gutiérrez | Patricia Lichtenstein | Srini Narayanan
Computational Linguistics, Volume 43, Issue 1 - April 2017

Highly frequent in language and communication, metaphor represents a significant challenge for Natural Language Processing (NLP) applications. Computational work on metaphor has traditionally evolved around the use of hand-coded knowledge, making the systems hard to scale. Recent years have witnessed a rise in statistical approaches to metaphor processing. However, these approaches often require extensive human annotation effort and are predominantly evaluated within a limited domain. In contrast, we experiment with weakly supervised and unsupervised techniques—with little or no annotation—to generalize higher-level mechanisms of metaphor from distributional properties of concepts. We investigate different levels and types of supervision (learning from linguistic examples vs. learning from a given set of metaphorical mappings vs. learning without annotation) in flat and hierarchical, unconstrained and constrained clustering settings. Our aim is to identify the optimal type of supervision for a learning algorithm that discovers patterns of metaphorical association from text. In order to investigate the scalability and adaptability of our models, we applied them to data in three languages from different language groups—English, Spanish, and Russian—achieving state-of-the-art results with little supervision. Finally, we demonstrate that statistical methods can facilitate and scale up cross-linguistic research on metaphor.

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Using Automated Metaphor Identification to Aid in Detection and Prediction of First-Episode Schizophrenia
E. Darío Gutiérrez | Guillermo Cecchi | Cheryl Corcoran | Philip Corlett
Proceedings of the 2017 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

The diagnosis of serious mental health conditions such as schizophrenia is based on the judgment of clinicians whose training takes several years, and cannot be easily formalized into objective measures. However, previous research suggests there are disturbances in aspects of the language use of patients with schizophrenia. Using metaphor-identification and sentiment-analysis algorithms to automatically generate features, we create a classifier, that, with high accuracy, can predict which patients will develop (or currently suffer from) schizophrenia. To our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate the utility of automated metaphor identification algorithms for detection or prediction of disease.


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Semantic classifications for detection of verb metaphors
Beata Beigman Klebanov | Chee Wee Leong | E. Dario Gutierrez | Ekaterina Shutova | Michael Flor
Proceedings of the 54th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 2: Short Papers)