DeFactoNLP: Fact Verification using Entity Recognition, TFIDF Vector Comparison and Decomposable Attention

Aniketh Janardhan Reddy, Gil Rocha, Diego Esteves


Abstract
In this paper, we describe DeFactoNLP, the system we designed for the FEVER 2018 Shared Task. The aim of this task was to conceive a system that can not only automatically assess the veracity of a claim but also retrieve evidence supporting this assessment from Wikipedia. In our approach, the Wikipedia documents whose Term Frequency-Inverse Document Frequency (TFIDF) vectors are most similar to the vector of the claim and those documents whose names are similar to those of the named entities (NEs) mentioned in the claim are identified as the documents which might contain evidence. The sentences in these documents are then supplied to a textual entailment recognition module. This module calculates the probability of each sentence supporting the claim, contradicting the claim or not providing any relevant information to assess the veracity of the claim. Various features computed using these probabilities are finally used by a Random Forest classifier to determine the overall truthfulness of the claim. The sentences which support this classification are returned as evidence. Our approach achieved a 0.4277 evidence F1-score, a 0.5136 label accuracy and a 0.3833 FEVER score.
Anthology ID:
W18-5522
Volume:
Proceedings of the First Workshop on Fact Extraction and VERification (FEVER)
Month:
November
Year:
2018
Address:
Brussels, Belgium
Venues:
EMNLP | WS
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
132–137
Language:
URL:
https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W18-5522
DOI:
10.18653/v1/W18-5522
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PDF:
http://aclanthology.lst.uni-saarland.de/W18-5522.pdf