RNN for Affects at SemEval-2018 Task 1: Formulating Affect Identification as a Binary Classification Problem

Aysu Ezen-Can, Ethem F. Can


Abstract
Written communication lacks the multimodal features such as posture, gesture and gaze that make it easy to model affective states. Especially in social media such as Twitter, due to the space constraints, the sources of information that can be mined are even more limited due to character limitations. These limitations constitute a challenge for understanding short social media posts. In this paper, we present an approach that utilizes multiple binary classifiers that represent different affective categories to model Twitter posts (e.g., tweets). We train domain-independent recurrent neural network models without any outside information such as affect lexicons. We then use these domain independent binary ranking models to evaluate the applicability of such deep learning models on the affect identification task. This approach allows different model architectures and parameter settings for each affect category instead of building one single multi-label classifier. The contributions of this paper are two-folds: we show that modeling tweets with a small training set is possible with the use of RNNs and we also prove that formulating affect identification as a binary classification task is highly effective.
Anthology ID:
S18-1023
Volume:
Proceedings of The 12th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation
Month:
June
Year:
2018
Address:
New Orleans, Louisiana
Venue:
*SEMEVAL
SIGs:
SIGLEX | SIGSEM
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
162–166
Language:
URL:
https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/S18-1023
DOI:
10.18653/v1/S18-1023
Bib Export formats:
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PDF:
http://aclanthology.lst.uni-saarland.de/S18-1023.pdf